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鎺掑簭绠楁硶

2018-08-28 09:41:09     所属分类:排序算法

鍦?a href="/wiki/%E8%A8%88%E7%AE%97%E6%A9%9F%E7%A7%91%E5%AD%B8" class="mw-redirect" title="璁$畻鏈虹瀛?>璁$畻鏈虹瀛?/a>涓?a href="/wiki/%E6%95%B8%E5%AD%B8" class="mw-redirect" title="鏁板">鏁板涓紝涓€涓?b>鎺掑簭绠楁硶锛?span class="LangWithName">鑻辫锛?span lang="en">Sorting algorithm锛夋槸涓€绉嶈兘灏嗕竴涓叉暟鎹緷鐓х壒瀹氭帓搴忔柟寮忚繘琛屾帓鍒楃殑涓€绉?a href="/wiki/%E7%AE%97%E6%B3%95" title="绠楁硶">绠楁硶銆傛渶甯哥敤鍒扮殑鎺掑簭鏂瑰紡鏄暟鍊奸『搴忎互鍙?a href="/wiki/%E5%AD%97%E5%85%B8%E9%A0%86%E5%BA%8F" class="mw-redirect" title="瀛楀吀椤哄簭">瀛楀吀椤哄簭銆傛湁鏁堢殑鎺掑簭绠楁硶鍦ㄤ竴浜涚畻娉曪紙渚嬪鎼滅储绠楁硶涓?a href="/w/index.php?title=%E5%90%88%E4%BD%B5%E7%AE%97%E6%B3%95&action=edit&redlink=1" class="new" title="鍚堝苟绠楁硶锛堥〉闈笉瀛樺湪锛?>鍚堝苟绠楁硶锛変腑鏄噸瑕佺殑锛屽姝よ繖浜涚畻娉曟墠鑳藉緱鍒版纭В绛斻€傛帓搴忕畻娉曚篃鐢ㄥ湪澶勭悊鏂囧瓧鏁版嵁浠ュ強浜х敓浜虹被鍙鐨勮緭鍑虹粨鏋溿€傚熀鏈笂锛屾帓搴忕畻娉曠殑杈撳嚭蹇呴』閬靛畧涓嬪垪涓や釜鍘熷垯锛?

  1. 杈撳嚭缁撴灉涓洪€掑搴忓垪锛堥€掑鏄拡瀵规墍闇€鐨勬帓搴忛『搴忚€岃█锛?/li>
  2. 杈撳嚭缁撴灉鏄師杈撳叆鐨勪竴绉?a href="/wiki/%E6%8E%92%E5%88%97" class="mw-redirect" title="鎺掑垪">鎺掑垪銆佹垨鏄噸缁?/li>

铏界劧鎺掑簭绠楁硶鏄竴涓畝鍗曠殑闂锛屼絾鏄粠璁$畻鏈虹瀛﹀彂灞曚互鏉ワ紝鍦ㄦ闂涓婂凡缁忔湁澶ч噺鐨勭爺绌躲€備妇渚嬭€岃█锛?a href="/wiki/%E6%B0%A3%E6%B3%A1%E6%8E%92%E5%BA%8F" class="mw-redirect" title="鍐掓场鎺掑簭">鍐掓场鎺掑簭鍦?956骞村氨宸茬粡琚爺绌躲€傝櫧鐒跺ぇ閮ㄥ垎浜鸿涓鸿繖鏄竴涓凡缁忚瑙e喅鐨勯棶棰橈紝鏈夌敤鐨勬柊绠楁硶浠嶅湪涓嶆柇鐨勮鍙戞槑銆傦紙渚嬪瓙锛?a href="/wiki/%E5%9B%BE%E4%B9%A6%E9%A6%86%E6%8E%92%E5%BA%8F" title="鍥句功棣嗘帓搴?>鍥句功棣嗘帓搴?/a>鍦?004骞磋鍙戣〃锛?

鐩綍

  • 1 鍒嗙被
    • 1.1 绋冲畾鎬?/span>
  • 2 鎺掑簭绠楁硶鍒楄〃
    • 2.1 绋冲畾鐨勬帓搴?/span>
    • 2.2 涓嶇ǔ瀹氱殑鎺掑簭
    • 2.3 涓嶅疄鐢ㄧ殑鎺掑簭
  • 3 绠€瑕佹瘮杈?/span>
  • 4 鍙傝€冩枃鐚?/span>
  • 5 澶栭儴閾炬帴

鍒嗙被缂栬緫

鍦?a href="/wiki/%E8%AE%A1%E7%AE%97%E6%9C%BA%E7%A7%91%E5%AD%A6" title="璁$畻鏈虹瀛?>璁$畻鏈虹瀛?/a>鎵€浣跨敤鐨勬帓搴忕畻娉曢€氬父琚垎绫讳负锛?

  • 璁$畻鐨?a href="/wiki/%E8%A8%88%E7%AE%97%E8%A4%87%E9%9B%9C%E6%80%A7%E7%90%86%E8%AB%96" title="璁$畻澶嶆潅鎬х悊璁?>鏃堕棿澶嶆潅搴?/a>锛堟渶宸€佸钩鍧囥€佸拰鏈€濂芥€ц兘锛夛紝渚濇嵁鍒楄〃锛坙ist锛夌殑澶у皬()銆備竴鑸€岃█锛屽ソ鐨勬€ц兘鏄?span class="mwe-math-element">(澶绗﹀彿)锛屽潖鐨勬€ц兘鏄?span class="mwe-math-element">銆傚浜庝竴涓帓搴忕悊鎯崇殑鎬ц兘鏄?span class="mwe-math-element">锛屼絾骞冲潎鑰岃█涓嶅彲鑳借揪鍒般€?a href="/wiki/%E6%AF%94%E8%BE%83%E6%8E%92%E5%BA%8F" title="姣旇緝鎺掑簭">鍩轰簬姣旇緝鐨勬帓搴忕畻娉?/a>瀵瑰ぇ澶氭暟杈撳叆鑰岃█鑷冲皯闇€瑕?span class="mwe-math-element">銆?/li>
  • 鍐呭瓨浣跨敤閲忥紙浠ュ強鍏朵粬璁$畻鏈鸿祫婧愮殑浣跨敤锛?/li>
  • 绋冲畾鎬э細绋冲畾鎺掑簭绠楁硶浼氳鍘熸湰鏈夌浉绛夐敭鍊肩殑绾綍缁存寔鐩稿娆″簭銆備篃灏辨槸濡傛灉涓€涓帓搴忕畻娉曟槸绋冲畾鐨勶紝褰撴湁涓や釜鐩哥瓑閿€肩殑绾綍鍜?span class="mwe-math-element">锛屼笖鍦ㄥ師鏈殑鍒楄〃涓?span class="mwe-math-element">鍑虹幇鍦?span class="mwe-math-element">涔嬪墠锛屽湪鎺掑簭杩囩殑鍒楄〃涓?span class="mwe-math-element">涔熷皢浼氭槸鍦?span class="mwe-math-element">涔嬪墠銆?/li>
  • 渚濇嵁鎺掑簭鐨勬柟娉曪細鎻掑叆銆佷氦鎹€侀€夋嫨銆佸悎骞剁瓑绛夈€?/li>

缂栬緫

褰撶浉绛夌殑鍏冪礌鏄棤娉曞垎杈ㄧ殑锛屾瘮濡傚儚鏄暣鏁帮紝绋冲畾鎬у苟涓嶆槸涓€涓棶棰樸€傜劧鑰岋紝鍋囪浠ヤ笅鐨勬暟瀵瑰皢瑕佷互浠栦滑鐨勭涓€涓暟瀛楁潵鎺掑簭銆?


鍦ㄨ繖涓姸鍐典笅锛屾湁鍙兘浜х敓涓ょ涓嶅悓鐨勭粨鏋滐紝涓€涓槸璁╃浉绛夐敭鍊肩殑绾綍缁存寔鐩稿鐨勬搴忥紝鑰屽彟澶栦竴涓垯娌℃湁锛?

 锛堢董鎸佹搴忥級
 锛堟搴忚鏀硅畩锛?

涓嶇ǔ瀹氭帓搴忕畻娉曞彲鑳戒細鍦ㄧ浉绛夌殑閿€间腑鏀瑰彉绾綍鐨勭浉瀵规搴忥紝浣嗘槸绋冲畾鎺掑簭绠楁硶浠庢潵涓嶄細濡傛銆備笉绋冲畾鎺掑簭绠楁硶鍙互琚壒鍒湴瀹炵幇涓虹ǔ瀹氥€備綔杩欎欢浜嬫儏鐨勪竴涓柟寮忔槸浜哄伐鎵╁睍閿€肩殑姣旇緝锛屽姝ゅ湪鍏朵粬鏂归潰鐩稿悓閿€肩殑涓や釜瀵硅薄闂翠箣姣旇緝锛岋紙姣斿涓婇潰鐨勬瘮杈冧腑鍔犲叆绗簩涓爣鍑嗭細绗簩涓敭鍊肩殑澶у皬锛夊氨浼氳鍐冲畾浣跨敤鍦ㄥ師鍏堟暟鎹搴忎腑鐨勬潯鐩紝褰撲綔涓€涓悓鍒嗗喅璧涖€傜劧鑰岋紝瑕佽浣忚繖绉嶆搴忛€氬父鐗垫秹鍒伴澶栫殑绌洪棿璐熸媴銆?

鎺掑簭绠楁硶鍒楄〃缂栬緫

鍦ㄨ繖涓〃鏍间腑锛?span class="mwe-math-element">鏄琚帓搴忕殑绾綍鏁伴噺浠ュ強鏄笉鍚岄敭鍊肩殑鏁伴噺銆?

缂栬緫

  • 鍐掓场鎺掑簭锛坆ubble sort锛夆€?
  • 鎻掑叆鎺掑簭锛坕nsertion sort锛夆€?span class="mwe-math-element">
  • 楦″熬閰掓帓搴?/a>锛坈ocktail sort锛夆€?span class="mwe-math-element">
  • 妗舵帓搴?/a>锛坆ucket sort锛夆€?span class="mwe-math-element">锛涢渶瑕?span class="mwe-math-element">棰濆绌洪棿
  • 璁℃暟鎺掑簭锛坈ounting sort锛夆€?span class="mwe-math-element">锛涢渶瑕?span class="mwe-math-element">棰濆绌洪棿
  • 褰掑苟鎺掑簭锛坢erge sort锛夆€?span class="mwe-math-element">锛涢渶瑕?span class="mwe-math-element">棰濆绌洪棿
  • 鍘熷湴褰掑苟鎺掑簭鈥?濡傛灉浣跨敤鏈€浣崇殑鐜板湪鐗堟湰
  • 浜屽弶鎺掑簭鏍?/a>鎺掑簭锛坆inary tree sort锛夆€?鏈熸湜鏃堕棿锛?span class="mwe-math-element">鏈€鍧忔椂闂达紱闇€瑕?span class="mwe-math-element">棰濆绌洪棿
  • 楦藉发鎺掑簭锛坧igeonhole sort锛夆€?span class="mwe-math-element">锛涢渶瑕?span class="mwe-math-element">棰濆绌洪棿
  • 鍩烘暟鎺掑簭锛坮adix sort锛夆€?span class="mwe-math-element">锛涢渶瑕?span class="mwe-math-element">棰濆绌洪棿
  • 渚忓剴鎺掑簭锛坓nome sort锛夆€?
  • 鍥句功棣嗘帓搴?/a>锛坙ibrary sort锛夆€?鏈熸湜鏃堕棿锛?span class="mwe-math-element">鏈€鍧忔椂闂达紱闇€瑕?span class="mwe-math-element">棰濆绌洪棿
  • 鍧楁帓搴?/a>锛?span class="ilh-lang">鑻辫锛?/span>Block sort锛?/span>锛坆lock sort锛夆€?

涓嶇ǔ瀹氱殑鎺掑簭缂栬緫

  • 閫夋嫨鎺掑簭锛坰election sort锛夆€?span class="mwe-math-element">
  • 甯屽皵鎺掑簭锛坰hell sort锛夆€?span class="mwe-math-element">濡傛灉浣跨敤鏈€浣崇殑鐜板湪鐗堟湰
  • Clover鎺掑簭绠楁硶锛圕lover sort锛夆€?span class="mwe-math-element">鏈熸湜鏃堕棿锛?span class="mwe-math-element">鏈€鍧忔儏鍐?/li>
  • 姊虫帓搴?/a>鈥?
  • 鍫嗘帓搴?/a>锛坔eap sort锛夆€?span class="mwe-math-element">
  • 骞虫粦鎺掑簭锛坰mooth sort锛夆€?
  • 蹇€熸帓搴?/a>锛坬uick sort锛夆€?span class="mwe-math-element">鏈熸湜鏃堕棿锛?span class="mwe-math-element">鏈€鍧忔儏鍐碉紱瀵逛簬澶х殑銆侀殢鏈烘暟鍒楄〃涓€鑸浉淇℃槸鏈€蹇殑宸茬煡鎺掑簭
  • 鍐呯渷鎺掑簭锛坕ntrosort锛夆€?span class="mwe-math-element">
  • 鑰愬績鎺掑簭锛坧atience sort锛夆€?span class="mwe-math-element">鏈€鍧忔儏鍐垫椂闂达紝闇€瑕侀澶栫殑绌洪棿锛屼篃闇€瑕佹壘鍒?a href="/w/index.php?title=%E6%9C%80%E9%95%B7%E7%9A%84%E9%81%9E%E5%A2%9E%E5%AD%90%E5%BA%8F%E5%88%97&action=edit&redlink=1" class="new" title="鏈€闀跨殑閫掑瀛愬簭鍒楋紙椤甸潰涓嶅瓨鍦級">鏈€闀跨殑閫掑瀛愬簭鍒?/a>锛坙ongest increasing subsequence锛?/li>

涓嶅疄鐢ㄧ殑鎺掑簭缂栬緫

  • Bogo鎺掑簭鈥?锛屾渶鍧忕殑鎯呭喌涓嬫湡鏈涙椂闂翠负鏃犵┓銆?/li>
  • Stupid鎺掑簭鈥?span class="mwe-math-element">;閫掑綊鐗堟湰闇€瑕?span class="mwe-math-element">棰濆瀛樺偍鍣?/li>
  • 鐝犳帓搴?/a>锛坆ead sort锛夆€? 鎴?,浣嗛渶瑕佺壒鍒殑纭欢
  • 鐓庨ゼ鎺掑簭鈥?span class="mwe-math-element">,浣嗛渶瑕佺壒鍒殑纭欢
  • 鑷毊鍖犳帓搴?/a>锛坰tooge sort锛夌畻娉曠畝鍗曪紝浣嗛渶瑕佺害鐨勬椂闂?/li>

缂栬緫

鍚嶇О 鏁版嵁瀵硅薄 绋冲畾鎬?/th> 鏃堕棿澶嶆潅搴?/th> 棰濆绌洪棿澶嶆潅搴?/th> 鎻忚堪
骞冲潎 鏈€鍧?
鍐掓场鎺掑簭 鏁扮粍 锛堟棤搴忓尯锛屾湁搴忓尯锛夈€?br />浠庢棤搴忓尯閫忚繃浜ゆ崲鎵惧嚭鏈€澶у厓绱犳斁鍒版湁搴忓尯鍓嶇銆?
閫夋嫨鎺掑簭 鏁扮粍 锛堟湁搴忓尯锛屾棤搴忓尯锛夈€?br />鍦ㄦ棤搴忓尯閲屾壘涓€涓渶灏忕殑鍏冪礌璺熷湪鏈夊簭鍖虹殑鍚庨潰銆傚鏁扮粍锛氭瘮杈冨緱澶氾紝鎹㈠緱灏戙€?
閾捐〃
鎻掑叆鎺掑簭 鏁扮粍銆侀摼琛?/td> 锛堟湁搴忓尯锛屾棤搴忓尯锛夈€?br />鎶婃棤搴忓尯鐨勭涓€涓厓绱犳彃鍏ュ埌鏈夊簭鍖虹殑鍚堥€傜殑浣嶇疆銆傚鏁扮粍锛氭瘮杈冨緱灏戯紝鎹㈠緱澶氥€?
鍫嗘帓搴?/a> 鏁扮粍 锛堟渶澶у爢锛屾湁搴忓尯锛夈€?br />浠庡爢椤舵妸鏍瑰嵏鍑烘潵鏀惧湪鏈夊簭鍖轰箣鍓嶏紝鍐嶆仮澶嶅爢銆?
褰掑苟鎺掑簭 鏁扮粍 鎶婃暟鎹垎涓轰袱娈碉紝浠庝袱娈典腑閫愪釜閫夋渶灏忕殑鍏冪礌绉诲叆鏂版暟鎹鐨勬湯灏俱€?br />鍙粠涓婂埌涓嬫垨浠庝笅鍒颁笂杩涜銆?

濡傛灉涓嶆槸浠庝笅鍒颁笂
閾捐〃
蹇€熸帓搴?/a> 鏁扮粍 锛堝皬鏁帮紝鍩哄噯鍏冪礌锛屽ぇ鏁帮級銆?
鍦ㄥ尯闂翠腑闅忔満鎸戦€変竴涓厓绱犱綔鍩哄噯锛屽皢灏忎簬鍩哄噯鐨勫厓绱犳斁鍦ㄥ熀鍑嗕箣鍓嶏紝澶т簬鍩哄噯鐨勫厓绱犳斁鍦ㄥ熀鍑嗕箣鍚庯紝鍐嶅垎鍒灏忔暟鍖轰笌澶ф暟鍖鸿繘琛屾帓搴忋€?
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