Culture

home > Culture

Languages of Chad

2019-07-01 01:00:02

Chad has two official languages, French and Modern Standard Arabic, and over 120 indigenous languages. A vernacular version of Arabic, Chadian Arabic, is the lingua franca. Of the two official languages, French has the most speakers in Chad (though Chadian Arabic has more speakers in Chad than both French and Standard Arabic) [1]. Chad submitted an application to join the Arab League as a member state on 25 March 2014, which is still pending.[1]

Chadian Sign Language is actually Nigerian Sign Language, a dialect of American Sign Language; Andrew Foster introduced ASL in the 1960s, and Chadian teachers for the deaf train in Nigeria.

Contents

  • 1 Niger–Congo languages
  • 2 Nilo-Saharan languages
  • 3 Afro-Asiatic languages
  • 4 Creole languages
  • 5 Unclassified languages
  • 6 References
  • 7 External links

Niger–Congo languages

  • Adamawa languages
    • Goundo
    • Kim (15,354, RGPH 1993)
    • Moundang (160,000, RGPH 1993)
    • Toupouri (90,785, RGPH, 1993)
    • Bua languages: Bua, Niellim, Gula Iro, etc. (total < 30,000)

Nilo-Saharan languages

  • Maban languages
    • Maba (120,000, SIL 1991)
    • Massalit (50,857, RGPH 1993)
    • Karanga
    • Kendeje
    • Marfa
    • Massalat
    • Surbakhal
    • Kibet
    • Runga
  • Fur languages
    • Mimi
    • Amdang (5,000, Bender 1983)
  • Saharan languages
    • Tedaga
    • Dazaga
    • Kanembu
    • Zaghawa
  • Bongo–Bagirmi languages (Central Sudanic)
    • Bernde
    • Bagirmi
    • Berakou
    • Disa
    • Gula
    • Jaya
    • Kenga (30,000, SIL 1993)
    • Naba
    • Fongoro
    • Barma (44,761, RGPH 1993)
    • Beraku
    • Ngambay
    • Sara (183,471, RGPH 1993)
  • Sinyar
  • Eastern Sudanic languages
    • Tama (63,000)
    • Sungor (38,000)
    • Mararit (43,000)
    • Daju

Afro-Asiatic languages

  • Semitic languages
    • Chadian Arabic
  • Chadic languages
    • Bidiyo
    • Buduma
    • Dangaléat
    • Gabri
    • Herdé
    • Kabalai
    • Kera
    • Kimré
    • Kwang
    • Lele
    • Marba
    • Masana
    • Masmaje
    • Mesme
    • Migaama
    • Mubi
    • Musey
    • Musgu
    • Nancere
    • Pévé
    • Sokoro
    • Tobanga
    • Tumak

(Ethnologue lists 54 Chadic languages in Chad altogether, many of them small.)

Creole languages

  • Sango

Unclassified languages

  • Laal (749, SIL 2000)

References

  1. ^ Middle East Monitor: South Sudan and Chad apply to join the Arab League, 12 April 2014, retrieved 6 May 2017

External links

  • Ethnologue page on "Languages of Chad"
  • PanAfrican L10n page on Chad



相关推荐