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Northwest Arabian Arabic

2019-07-23 05:09:02
Northwest Arabian Arabic
Bedawi of the Kishon.jpg
A Bedawi-speaking Bedouin person, 1913
Native toEgypt, Israel, Jordan, Palestine, Saudi Arabia & Syria
Native speakers
2.24 million (2015-2016)[1]
Language family
  • Semitic
    • Central Semitic
      • Arabic
        • Peninsular Arabic
          • Northwest Arabian Arabic
Writing system
Arabic alphabet
Language codes
ISO 639-3avl

Northwest Arabian Arabic is a variety of Arabic spoken by Bedouins of the Sinai Peninsula, the Negev, southern Jordan, and the northwestern corner of Saudi Arabia.[3] In the eastern desert of Egypt, the dialect of the Maʿāzah borders the dialect of the ʿAbābdah, who speak a dialect more closely related to Sudanese Arabic.[4]


  • 1 Characteristics
  • 2 Levantine Bedawi
  • 3 See also
  • 4 References
  • 5 Sources


The Northwest Arabian Arabic dialects share a number of features distinguishing them from the North Arabian Bedouin dialects:[3]

  1. Absence of tanwīn and its residues.
  2. Absence of affricated variants of /g/ (< */q/) and /k/.
  3. Absence of final /n/ in the imperfect, 2nd person feminine singular, 2nd person masculine plural, and 3rd person masculine plural.
  4. The pronominal suffix of the 2nd person masculine plural is -ku (-kuw).
  5. The use of the locative preposition fi (fiy).

Levantine Bedawi

Levantine Bedawi is spoken in the eastern area of Jordan,[5] in the southwestern corner of Syria and in the Bedouin regions of Egypt (on the northern and southern coast of the Sinai).[6]

See also

  • Varieties of Arabic
  • Peninsular Arabic


  1. ^ "Arabic, Eastern Egyptian Bedawi Spoken". Ethnologue. Retrieved 2018-08-08.
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Eastern Egyptian Bedawi Arabic". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ a b Palva, Heikki. ""Northwest Arabian Arabic." Encyclopedia of Arabic language and linguistics. Vol. III. Leiden – Boston: Brill 2008, pp. 400-408". horizontal tab character in |title= at position 106 (help)
  4. ^ Jong, Rudolf Erik De (2011-04-11). A Grammar of the Bedouin Dialects of Central and Southern Sinai. BRILL. ISBN 9004201017.
  5. ^ "Arabic, Eastern Egyptian Bedawi Spoken". Ethnologue. Retrieved 2018-07-16.
  6. ^ "Egypt and Libya". Ethnologue. Retrieved 2018-07-16.


  • Gordon, Raymond G.. Jr., ed. (2005), "Bedawi Arabic", Ethnologue: Languages of the World (15th ed.), Dallas: Summer Institute of Linguistics
  • Haim Blanc. 1970. "The Arabic Dialect of the Negev Bedouins," Proceedings of the Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities 4/7:112-150.
  • Rudolf E. de Jong. 2000. A Grammar of the Bedouin Dialects of the Northern Sinai Littoral: Bridging the Linguistic Gap between the Eastern and Western Arab World. Leiden: Brill.
  • Judith Rosenhouse. 1984. The Bedouin Arabic Dialects: General Problems and Close Analysis of North Israel Bedouin Dialects. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz.