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Angan languages

2019-07-24 14:11:02
Kratke Range
EthnicityAngu people
New Guinea
Linguistic classificationTrans–New Guinea
  • Morobe – Eastern Highlands
    • Angan
  • Angaatiha
  • Angan proper
Angan languages.svg
Map: The Angan languages of New Guinea
  The Angan languages
  Other Trans–New Guinea languages
  Other Papuan languages
  Austronesian languages

The Angan languages are a family of the Trans–New Guinea languages in the classification of Malcolm Ross. The Angan languages are clearly valid as a family. They were first identified as such by J. Lloyd and A. Healey in 1968; Wurm (1975) classified them as Trans–New Guinea. Glottlog treats Angan as a separate or unclassified family, pending further evidence.


  • Angan family:
    • Angaatiha language
    • Angan proper (Nuclear Angan)
      • A (pronouns ni, ti): Hamtai (Kapau), Kamasa, Kawatsa, Menya, Yagwoia
      • B: Akoye (Lohiki), Yipma (Baruya), Safeyoka, Simbari, Susuami, Tainae (Ivori), Ankave[2]

Menya is notable for its dyadic kinship terms (terms referring to the relationship two or more people have to each other), which are rare globally and not prevalent in Papua New Guinea (though they also exist in the Oksapmin language).[3]


Pronouns (independent and object prefixes) are:

sg du pl
1 *nə, *ni
*nʌ, *yʌi
2 *gə, *ti
*kʌi *sʌi
3 *gʌ


  • Ross, Malcolm (2005). "Pronouns as a preliminary diagnostic for grouping Papuan languages". In Andrew Pawley; Robert Attenborough; Robin Hide; Jack Golson (eds.). Papuan pasts: cultural, linguistic and biological histories of Papuan-speaking peoples. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics. pp. 15–66. ISBN 0858835622. OCLC 67292782.
  1. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Angan". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  2. ^ Ankave is not listed in Ross's classification. It has the 1sg pronouns based on ni, but not a 2sg based on ti.
  3. ^ The Oksapmin Kinship System Archived 2009-09-20 at the Wayback Machine, retrieved May 21, 2009.