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德克萨斯中央铁路

2019-09-23 17:29:07     所属分类:美国高速铁路
德克萨斯中央铁路
概览
营运地区 德克萨斯州
服务类型 高速铁路
目前状况 已规划
起点站 休士顿
终点站 达拉斯
营运路线 1
技术数据
路线结构 交通立体化铁路
最高速度 186英里每小时(299千米每小时)[1]
正线数目 2
车站数目 3
轨距 4英尺8 12英寸(1,435毫米)
使用车辆 新干线N700I电联车
运营信息
计划通车 2025[2]
拥有者 Texas Central Partners, LLC
网站 TexasCentral.com

德克萨斯中央铁路是一条由Texas Central Partners, LLC规划的高速铁路线并将串联德州最大的两个都市 达拉斯–沃斯堡都会区以及休士顿。该铁路将运用 东海旅客铁道[3] 的相关技术并将缩短两地之间的旅程到仅有90分钟。[4][5] 倘若该铁道顺利完成建设的话将会是继 Acela特快之后美国高速铁路以及第一条具有专用路轨的美国高速铁路。

目录

  • 1 路线
  • 2 使用车种
  • 3 承包商与建设计划
  • 4 法律争议
  • 5 营运进度
  • 6 参见
  • 7 资料来源
  • 8 外部链接

路线

2015年8月10日,美国美国运输部和联邦铁路总署出具一份报告并正式批准这条称之为"utility corridor"的铁路兴建计划。[6]

该路线的路轨将大致与290号公路--Hempstead Highway以及以一条货运铁道平行的模式进入休士顿市区。除了头尾两站之外原先还预计将在布拉索斯郡设站以服务邻近的德克萨斯州农工大学但遭到当地市政府反对。

2018年1月,该公司正式公布达拉斯站选站计划并将在西达斯郡西侧设立终点站以及一座连接达拉斯会议中心的行人穿越道,而该计划也是依据联邦铁路总署依据环境影响评估报告建议的位置进行规划。

使用车种

该路线将选用出口版的新干线N700系电联车作为营运车辆。[7] 该车辆与日本新干线不一样的是将仅有八节车厢而非十六节车厢以符合营运需求。[8]

承包商与建设计划

2017年1月,川普政府将该计划列为国家基础建设优先计划之一。[9]

In June 2017, it was stated that construction would begin in 2018 and would support 10,000 jobs during each year of the construction process and 1,000 jobs in each year after that.[10] Also in June 2017, the company announced that it had reached agreement with 福陆公司to advance the preliminary development of the project. Fluor will support the project during the preliminary development by refining the project’s engineering, design-build cost estimate, schedule and construction planning, and potentially further phases of development. Fluor and its partners would be the preferred design-builder of the project.[11] On September 13 2018, the company earned a $300 million loan for permitting, design and engineering.[12] The company selected Salini Impregilo to lead the civil construction consortium that will build the Texas passenger line, to the top of the rails, including viaducts, embankments and drainage. Construction is now slated to begin in 2019 and end in 2024.[13][14][15]

截至2018年11月10日 (2018-11-10) the Federal permitting dashboard shows that the date for the Record of Decision is March 27, 2020.[16] Since construction cannot start until the completion of the NEPA process, it would appear that earliest work could start would be late 2019 or early 2020 and would take up to 6 years.[17][18] the company currently has 30% of needed land acquisitions needed for construction.[19]

法律争议

In a December 2016 summary judgement, a Harris County court ruled that the Texas Central Railroad does not have the power to require private landowners to allow their land to be surveyed for possible future eminent domain purchases. The case, Texas central Railroad and Infrastructure vs Calvin House, was prosecuted by the railroad against a landowner that refused to allow survey crews onto his land.[20]

In 2017, Grimes County won an injunction against Texas Central Railroad that prevents the company from performing any surveys that damage or alter any county roads or right-of-ways.[21]

In February 2019, a Leon County district judge ruled that Texas Central is not a railroad company and therefore does not have the right to conduct surveys on private land.[22]

营运进度

目前该公司还在就依据国家环境政策法规定须进行的环境影响评估细节与联邦铁路总署、德克萨斯州运输部等政府部门进行后续作业程序。[23]不过就初期的人事规划来看,执行长Tim Keith将负责该公司的财政、开发、营运以及日常运转。

2015年7月,该公司表示已经获得7500万美元的私募基金并将有助于该公司持续推进该公司经营但资金来源为何尚属未知。[24]

In December 2015, the company announced that it had appointed three new executives to help develop the project, all of whom will report to Tim Keith:[25]

  • Managing Director, External Affairs – Holly Reed. She was previously Regional vice president of external affairs for AT&T.
  • Chief Finance Officer (CFO) – Lori Willox. She is a certified public accountant, and was previously a Senior vice president and CFO for Balfour Beatty’s Central region.[26]
  • Managing Director, Design-Build Program – Doug Jones. He has been in the construction industry for 38 years and was previously with Balfour Beatty Construction in Dallas.

参见

  • 美国高速铁路
  • 中南部走廊

资料来源

  1. ^ Learn The Facts. Texas Central. [4 July 2019]. ... Shinkansen trains can travel smoothly and comfortably at speeds up to 205 mph. Train service in Texas will likely begin at 186 mph, which will allow for a total trip time of less than 90 minutes between Houston and Dallas. Subject to regulatory approval and market demands, maximum train speeds could be increased up to 205 mph. ...' 
  2. ^ Lueckemeyer, Olivia. High-speed bullet train between Dallas and Houston could be operational by 2025, company representative says. Community Impact. 16 January 2019 [17 January 2019]. 
  3. ^ Batheja, Aman; Smith, Stephen J. The Bullet Train That Could Change Everything. The Texas Tribune. The Texas Tribune. August 18, 2014. 
  4. ^ Texas Central. Learn the Facts. Texas Central Railway. 
  5. ^ Begley, Dug. Houston really wants the proposed bullet train to make a stop downtown. Houston Chronicle. May 10, 2016 [12 May 2016]. 
  6. ^ Green, Stephen. Utility corridor gets nod for high-speed rail. The Courier of Montgomery County. Your Houston News. August 28, 2015. 
  7. ^ Whitely, Jason. The Texas bullet train now looks likely. Here’s what to expect. WFAA. 26 November 2018 [30 November 2018]. 
  8. ^ de Luna, Marcy. Things to know about Houston-Dallas high-speed bullet train beginning construction in 2019. Houston Chronicle. 28 November 2018 [30 November 2018]. 
  9. ^ Global Construction Review. Trump makes $137bn list of "emergency" infrastructure schemes, all needing private finance. Global Construction Review. January 30, 2017. 
  10. ^ Quirke, Joe. Texas to begin work on Dallas–Houston bullet train next year. Global Construction Review. June 16, 2017. 
  11. ^ Chirls, Chris. Texas Central, Fluor reach HSR agreement. Railway Age. August 14, 2017. 
  12. ^ Texas Central lands $300 million loan for Dallas-to-Houston bullet train project. 13 September 2018. 
  13. ^ Texas central selects Renfe as operating partner. www.rtands.com. 
  14. ^ High speed rail moves ahead: Texas Central proceeds with addition of Italian engineering, construction group. Corsicana Daily Sun. October 9, 2018 [October 16, 2018]. 
  15. ^ www.bizjournals.com https://www.bizjournals.com/dallas/news/2018/10/30/texas-bullet-train-top-infrastructure-projects.html. [2019-06-16].  缺少或|title=为空 (帮助)
  16. ^ FRA Permitting Dashboard. 
  17. ^ CEO: Carlos Aguilar, Texas Central. KERA. 2018-12-03 [2018-12-17] (美国英语). 
  18. ^ https://www.roadsbridges.com/texas-high-speed-rail-project-could-begin-later-year
  19. ^ https://communityimpact.com/houston/spring-klein/top-stories/2019/03/11/texas-central-to-ramp-up-land-acquisitions-along-train-route
  20. ^ Texas high-speed rail plan suffers eminent-domain setback in court. star-telegram. 
  21. ^ Texans Against High-Speed Rail. www.facebook.com. [2018-12-17] (英语). 
  22. ^ Falls, Clay. Leon County residents celebrate judge's ruling on proposed bullet train. www.kbtx.com. [2019-03-02] (英语). 
  23. ^ TexDOT. Dallas-Houston High-Speed Rail Project. Texas Department of Transport. 
  24. ^ Baddour, Dylan. Texas high speed rail passes major milestone with first fundraising announcement. Houston Chronicle. Hearst Newspapers, LLC. July 23, 2015. 
  25. ^ Murray, Lance. Texas Central Partners names new execs at high-speed rail developer. Houston Business Journal (www.bizjournals.com/houston). American City Business Journals. December 3, 2015. 
  26. ^ Bloomberg. Executive Profile - Lori Willox. Bloomberg. 

外部链接

  • 官方网站
  • Dallas to Houston High-Speed Rail – Passenger Service from Houston to Dallas – Federal Railroad Administration
  • https://reroutetheroute.com/

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