【2012考研必备资料】考研英语核心词汇全攻略-


【2012考研必备资料】吴耀武核心词汇100篇免费
考研英语伺汇全攻略
主编:吴耀武
海文考研教育研究中心
主讲教师简介
吴耀武:著名英语教学与测试专家:西安外国语大学语言测试研究中心副主任:全国公共英语等
级考试(PETS)考官;先后两次赴香港岭南大学进修和工作;陕西电视台《考试联盟》栏目、西安音
乐台《快乐时光》栏目、西安经济广播电台《空中英语角》节日特邀嘉宾。现已出版考研英语《黑博
士系列丛书》(人民日报出版社)、大学英语四六级《考试专家系列丛书》、《全攻略系列丛书》(西工大
出版社)和英语专业四八级《TEM-4/考试指南》等系列丛书(世界图书传版社)30余部,近800
万字。于2001年起在全国高校作关于考研英语、雅思( IELTS)、英语专业四八级(TEM-4/8)和大
学英语四六级(CET-4/6)巡回讲座,在各大高校均引起巨大轰动,讲座场场爆满。并受到新浪、搜
狐、中国考试网、都市快报、西安零距离、华商报、西安晚报、三秦都市报等多家媒体的关注和专访。
他在英语培训领域提出了自己独特的教学理念
努力改进学习方法、量身定做学习计划;
紧紧把握考试脉搏,传授英语应试策略
奠定良好心理基础,培养进取人生态度
这一理念在课堂上得以贯彻并为广大学员所认可。现在吴老师每年在北京、上海、西安、武汉
南京、石家庄、沈阳、天津、乌鲁木齐等20多所中心城市主讲考研英语和大学英语四六级课程,经
他直接培训的学员已逾10万人,听众更是不计其数。学员对他的评价是
感情真挚,敬业专注
才思敏捷,经典幽默
传授知识如春风化雨,润物无声;
谈应试技巧如数家珍,挥洒自如
他的语言总是富有人生哲理,他的课堂永远充满着欢笑从容;他传播的不仅仅是英语知识,更
是一种人生感悟!
第一部分考研英语核心词汇
记单词时不要采用从AZ的顺序,而是要灵活搭配,比如A和J,B和O,C和N,D和L等,这样记起
来既不觉得累又有成就感。一定记住吴老师的建议:每天晚上看1-2页,把自己己经记住的暂时划出来,第二天早
上无论多忙都要把前一天晩上看过的单词复习一遍,然后再分别过3天、7天、15天、30天各复习一遍,坚持下来,
到考前一周看最后一遍时,你会觉得大部分单词都已经很熟悉了。另外,务必要把自己做过的历年真题或模拟题中
的词汇题集中整理起来,这样的对比记忆特别有助于我们对近义近形词汇的辨析。这样坚持学习,双管齐下,一定
会取得良好学习效果!
abide遵循(…by);容忍 The one thing she cannot abide is lying
abnormal反常的 abnormal behavior
abolish彻底废除(法律、制度、习俗等) abolish old custom
abrupt突然的,意外的 an abrupt departure
bsolute纯粹的,完全的 have absolute trust in sb
absorb吸收,吸进 A sponge absorbs water.
abstract抽象的 A flower is beautiful, but beauty itself is abstract.
absurd荒谬的,荒唐的 The idea that number14 brings bad luck is absurd
abuse滥用 abuse one's authority(oie)
aaccelerate加速,增速 accelerate one' s steps
access接近(或进入)的机会 have regular and immediate access to the President
acmodate使适应,使符合一致 acmodate oneself to changed circumstances
acpany陪伴,伴随 She was acpanied to a dinner by her friend.
acplish达到(目的),完成(任务),实现(计划,诺言等) ac plish one's purpose
accord使符合,相一致(wih) His violent action do not accord with his peaceful word
account记述,叙述 give a brief account of what has happened
accumulate积累,积攒,积聚 accumulate w iso
accurate准确的,精确的 an accurate estimate
accuse指控,指责 They accused her publicly of stealing their books.
ac custom使习惯于 ac custom oneself to rising( to rise) early
acquaint使认识,使了解
activate使活动起来,使开始起作用,启动 They have planted secret agents in many countries who could be activated
whenever needed
acute尖锐的,敏锐的 an acute thinker
adapt(使)适应 adapt oneself to new conditions
ddress演说 a televis ion address
adhere黏附,附着 Paste is used to make one surface adhere to another
adjacent临近的,毗邻的to) a city and its adjacent suburbs
djo in贴近,与.毗邻 His house adjoins the lake.
admin istrate掌管,料理…的事务 In many Japanese homes, the funds are administrated by the wife
adolescent(尤指16岁以下的)青少年 a film aimed at adolescents
dvance使向前移动 advance a chessman
dvantage有利条件,优点 Sitting Presidents hold built-in advantages when seeking another term
adverse不友好的,敌对的 She felt adverse to her husbands friends
advocate拥护,提倡,主张 advocate self- defence
aesthetic美学的,艺术的,审美 an aesthetic theory
afit使隶属(或附属)于,使成为会员 a government affiliated pany
断言,申明 affirm the truth of a statement
aggravate加重,加剧,恶化 aggravate the dec lining economy
aggressive侵犯的,侵略的 an aggressive weapon
agitate搅动(液体等) The mac hine agitated the miⅸture
alarm惊恐,忧虑 The bandits scattered in alarm
alert警惕的,留神的 In our reading we should always be alert for new usages
alien外国的 adjust to an alien culture
断言,宣称 The newspaper alleges the mayor's guilt
allocate分配,分派,把,拨给 allocate funds for new projects
allied结盟的,有关联的 allied nations
allow允给,准许,允许 He missed her more than he would allow himself to admit
allow ance津贴,补贴,零用钱 a housing allowance
alter改变,更改 alter an attitud
alternate交替,轮流 Night and day alternate.
amateur(艺术,科学等的)业余爱好者 an amateur golfer
amaze使惊愕,使惊异 I am amazed that he should get the post
abiguous含糊不清的,模棱两可的 an ambiguous answer
ambition(对名利等的)强烈欲望,野心 His political ambitions still burn
amend修改,修订 amend the spelling in sb.' s pape
amuse逗乐,逗笑,给.提供娱乐(或消遣) The clown at the circus amused the children.
anchor tm The anchor catches(drags)
Announce宣布,声称 It is officially announced that he will not run for reelection
annoy使恼怒,使生气 She was annoyed at(with) his lightheard attitude.
annual每年的,年度的 the annual output of steel
anonymous匿名的,无名的 an anonymous letter(phone call)
answer回答,响应 Henry took ages to answer the door
antIcipate预期,预料 The directors anticipated a fall in demand( that demand would fall)
anXIous焦虑的,发愁的( about,at) They bee anxious at her delay
apart成零碎 Such cheap clothes e apart after a few washings
apparent显然的,明明白白的 It was apparent that they all understood
appeal呼吁,恳求 I appealed to the children to make less noise
applaud鼓掌,喝彩,叫好 The audience applauds the performers for three minutes
apply i, ii He applied two coats of paint to the table
appoint任命,委派 They appointed his father(tobe或as) postmaster
appraise估量,估计 appraise the infant's weight
感激 I appreciated your help much.
apprehend对担心 Do you apprehend that there will be any difficulty
approach靠近,接近 John is approaching manhood
appropriate恰当的,相称的 Plain, simple clothes are appropriate for school wear.
approve赞成,同意 I couldnt approve his conduct
approximate大概的,大约的,近似的 The approximate time is10 o'clock
apt(习性)易于…….的,有……倾向的 A careless person is apt to make mistakes
arbitrary随心所欲的,个人武断的,任意的 an arbitrary choice
arise起立,起身 arise from one's seat
arouse使…奋发 A man like Tom will be aroused.Don' t worry
array排列,队形 The troops were formed in battle array
articulate发音清晰的,善于表达的 He is articulate about everything in the field of economics
artificial人工的,人造的,人为的 artificial price controls
ascend登高,(渐渐)上升,升高 The airplane ascended into the cloud
ascertam査明,弄清,确定 I ascertained that he was dead.
ashamed惭愧的,羞耻的 I am ashamed for being so stupid.
ashore向岸,向陆地 He swam ashore
aside在旁边 We stood aside to let her pass
assau攻击,袭击 We made an assault on the enemy fort
semble集合,召集 assemble the members of Parliament for a spec ial meet ing
assert肯定地说(出),坚定地断言 He asserted his innocence.
assess估价,评价,评论 assess the present state of the economy
assign分配,布置(作业) The teacher assigned(us) a new lesson
assimilate吸收,消化 He is quick to assimilate new ideas.
assoc late(使)联系,(使)结合 We naturally associated the name of darw in w ith the doctrine of evolution
assume假定,假设 Farmers will have a bumper harvest, assuming(that) the weather si favarable.
assure深信不疑地对……说,向……证
assurance保证,把握,信心 He gave me his assurance that he would help
astonish使惊讶 I was astonished at his sudden appearance
attach系,贴,连接 attach a label to a suitcase
attain达到,获得 attain one's goal
attend出席,参加(会议等) attend a wedding
attendance出席,参加,出席人数,出席率 Our c lass has perfect attendance today
attentive注意的,专心的 an attentive audience
attribute把归因于,把….(过错的责任等)归于(to) He attributed his success to hard work
auxiliary辅助的 an auxiliary rocket
avail有利于,有助于 Will force alone avail us?
average平均数,平均 The paper receives an average of nearly100 articles a day.
avert挡开,防止,避免 Many traffic accidents can be averted by courtesy
awake醒,觉醒 awake from sleep
award授予(奖品等) The university awarded him an honorary degree.
ban(以官方明令)禁止,取缔 He was banned from entering the ci
bang(突发的) sudden loud bang
bar条,块,杆,棒 a bar of gold
bare赤裸的,光秃的,空无内容的 walk in bare feet
beforehand预先,事先 If you wanted soup for lunch you should have told me beforehand.
behave举止端正,听话 Do behave
bewilder使迷惑,使糊涂' m bewildered as to which one to buy
bias偏见,偏心 have a bias against sb(或sth)
blame责备,责怪 Public opinion b lames Mrs Smith for leading the gir l astray
bast一阵(风),一股(气流) a blast of wind
blaze火焰 The fire sprang into a blaze
blunt atik] The sun was blazing down and the heat was oppress
blush(因害羞、激动、窘困)脸红 blush with(或for)joy
boast自吹自擂,自夸的话 He is full of boasts
bolt螺栓,(门,窗的)插销 a small bag of nuts and bolts
boom低沉有回响的声音 The great bell tolled with a deep boom
border边界,边境,边沿 a district on the Kampuchean side of the border with Thailand
bore钴孔,挖(通道) bore through a wall
bounce弹起,反弹 The ball doesn' t bounce well
bound跳跃,弹回 She bounded to her feet and waved her right hand triumphantly
boycott(联合起来)抑制,拒绝参加 boycott uncooperative manufactures
brace托架,支架 He braced his muscles and lifted the weight
breed(使)繁殖 Rabbits breed families rapidly
bribe贿赂 accept(或take) a bribe from sh
brief短暂的,简短的,简洁的 a brief holiday
brisk轻快的,生气勃勃的 a brisk pace
brittle易碎的,一碰就破的 brittle glass
brush刷子,毛刷 a laundry brush
fl, fir(against, into) The truck bumped against the wall in the dark
burst爆炸,爆裂 The boiler burst
calculate计算,推算 calculate the distance between New York and Chicago
call n, Hy Please call the names of all the peop le who are present.
cancel取消,废除,删去 cancel a trip
capture俘虏,捕获 capture butterflies
case事例,事实,事情 This is a case of poor judgment.
cast投,扔,抛,撒,掷 cast doubt(s) on the feas
of a scheme
casual偶然的,无计划的,随便的,非正式的 a casual meeting
cease停止,终止,结束 The music ceased suddenly.
certify证明,证实 The accounts were certified(as) correct.
challenge la].Eri Our school challenged the local champion team to a football match
character(事物的)性质,特质 The furniture in Tom's apartment was pretentious and without character
charge要(价),收(费) The airlines charge half price for students
charm魅力,魔力 This thriving resort town has retained its village charm
hase追逐,追求 The police chased the escaping thief and caught him at last.
check使突然停止,制止 check one's steps
cherish珍爱,珍视 cherish one' s native land
chew嚼,咀嚼 He chewed a mouthful of meat
choke窒息,噎住 be choked by smoke
chorus合唱队
chronic(疾病)慢性的,(人)久病的 chronic indigestion
clarity澄清,阐明 clarify an issue
cling hh The frightened child clung to her mother
clumsy笨拙的 a clumsy boy
cluster(果实,花等的)串,束,簇;(人或物)的群,组 a cluster of tourists
clutch紧抓,紧握 clutch at an opportunity
coherent一致的,协调的 lack coherent political goals
coin硬币,钱币,金属货币 a silver coin
coinc ide相符,相一致100 Centigrade coinc ides w ith212 Fahrenheit
collaborate(尤指在文艺、科学等方面)合作,协作 He and I collaborated in writing plays
collapse倒坍,崩溃,瓦解 The roof collapsed under the weight of the snow.
collide碰撞,互撞 The car collided with the truck.
e来,来到 Will you e to the dance tonight?
memorate纪念,庆祝 memorate a holiday
mend表扬,称赞 mend a soldier for bravery
pact紧密的,坚实的 a pact piece of luggage
pare比较,对照(with,to) pare the body to a finely tuned machine
patible能和睦相处的,合的来的 You should choose a roommate more patible to your tastes
pile汇编,编制 pile an antho logy of poems
ply遵从,顺从,服从 ply with rules( safety regulations)
pose组成,构成 England, Scotland, and Wales pose the is land of Great Britain.
压缩Hece
prise包含,包括 The shipyard prises
docks
promise妥协,折衷 promise over the hard- fought next.
pulsory必须做的,义务的 a pulsory subject
conceal隐藏,隐瞒,隐蔽 He concealed his disappointment from his friends
conceive构想出,设想 conceiⅳ ve an ide
concentrate集中,专心 concentrate one' s attention
condemn谴责 We all condemn cruelty to children.
condense(使)压缩,(使)凝结,使简洁 condense a speech to hal
confer商谈,商议 confer with sb.Over(on, about, concerning)sth
confess坦白,供认,承认,忏悔 confess one's crime
confidence信任 break sb.' s confidene
confine限制,使局限 They succeeded in confining the fire to a small area
confirm证实,肯定 confirm a rumour
conflict(尤指长期的)战争,战斗 The conflict between Greece and Troy lasted ten years
conform遵照,适应 confirm to(或with) the rules( the law)
confront(使)面临,(使)遭遇 The war confronted him with hardships.
confuse使混乱,混淆 He confused the arrangements by arriving late.
connect连接,连接 The bridge connects the is land with(或to) the mainland.
conscIous意识到的,自觉地 They were conscious that he disapproved
consent同意,赞同,准许 The people will never consent to another war
conserve保护,保藏,保存 conserve natural resources
onsider考虑,细想 Consider carefully before doing anything
consist组成,构成(of) The house consists of six rooms
consolidate巩固,加强 consolidate one' s position
conspIc uous显眼的,明显的,引人瞩目的 He felt as conspicuous as if he had stood on a stage.
constant经常的,不断的 a constant noise
组成,构成 constitute a threat to
consult请教,与…,商量 consult a doctor about one' s illness
consume消费,花费: consume much of one's time in reading
contact接触,联系,交往: be in contact with sb
contain包括,容纳, a list containing twelve items
contaminate弄脏,污染,玷污毒害: Fumes contaminate the air
contempt轻视轻蔑 :show a contempt for sb
contest竞赛,比赛,竞争 the contest between the two powers for the control of the region
contract合同,契约 enter nto( make)a contact with
contradict反驳同…相矛盾,同…相抵触 The facts contradict his theory
相反的,对抗的 ttake the co
contrast对照对比,(对比之下显出的差异 the contrast between the two forms of government
contribute捐(款等)捐献 He contributed5 dollars to the charity every paya
contrive设计,想出: ontrive a new method
controversy(尤之以文字形式进行的争论)辨证 a point of controversy
convention(正式)会议(定期大会 draft a new constitution at a convention
convert转变转化 convert coal to(into) pipeline gas
convey运送,输送,传送 ca wire conveys an electric current
convict(经审讯)证明…有罪,宣判…有罪 He was convicted of smuggling
coordinate调节,协调 coordinate the functions of government agencie
cordial热情友好的,热诚的,真心的 a cordial hello( smile, invitat ion)
correspond相符合相称(o,wih) Fulfil Iment seldom corresponds to antic ipation
correspondent通信者,通讯员,记者 a good(bad)correspondent
corresponding符合的,致的 corresponding fingerprints
corrode渐渐)损害、一点一点地)损伤 Br ibery corrodes the confidence that must exist between buyer and seller
corrupt堕落的腐败的,贪赃舞弊的 :lead a corrupt life
count数,计算: count the money
course课程,科目 c an english course
courtesy谦恭有礼。有礼的举止(或)言辞: e in without courtesy
credit信任,可信性: I have full credit in your ability to do the job
cruc ial决定性的,关键性的: a crucial dec ision
cue提示,暗号,信号: throw cues to sb
cultivate耕作,栽培,养殖: cultivate vegetables
cure治愈,医治: this medicine cured him of his pains
cut切,割,剪,砍,削; The Mayor cut the ribbon to open a trade exhibit ion
dawn黎明,拂晓 work from dawn to dark
dazzle(强光等)使目眩,耀眼: He was dazzled by his sudden success
deceive欺骗,蒙蔽: deceive oneself
decent体面的,像样的 She didn' t have a decent dress for the ball
decline拒绝,谢绝: We sent him an invitat ion but he dec lined
depose分解,腐烂,腐败: dec ompose a pound into its elements.
dedicate奉献,把。。用在(to): The doctor dedicated himself to finding a cure
deduce演绎,推论: From her conversation, I deduced that she had a large family
define解释,给。。下定义: People define him as a genius.
deform(使)变形: Heat deforms plastic
dey公然违抗,反抗: He was going ahead defying all difficulties
degenerate衰退,堕落,变坏(nto): Her eyesight degenerated with the years
deliberate慎重的,深思熟虑的: The government is taking deliberate action to lower prices
delight高兴,快乐: To the teacher' s great delight, all his students passed the examination.
deliver投递,传送,运输: deliver the mail
demonstrate论证,证明: demonstrate a philosophical princip le
denote表示,是。。的标志,意思是: A frown often denotes displeasure
dense稠密的,密集的 c a dense forest
deposit fIx: She deposited her bag in the cloakroom
depress使沮丧,使消沉: That movie depressed me
deprive剥夺,使丧失; deprive sb. of his property
derive取得,得到: e derived his enthusiasm for literature from his father
descend下来,下降: Darkness descended too soon.
deserve应得,值得: The question deserves consideration.
designate指明,表明: designate be
desolate荒芜的,不毛的: desolate land
despise蔑视,鄙视: He despises flatter
detach F1: They detached their trailer and set up camp
detain留住,担搁: be detained by business.
detect(当场)发现(某人在干坏事) detect a student cheating
deteriorate(使)恶化(使)变坏(使)退化: Relations between the two countries began to deteriorate
背离,偏离: dev iate from the rule
devote将…献给(to) Mary devoted her life to caring for the sick
diagnose诊断,判断: The doctor diagnosed the illness as influenza
dictate口授,使听写: dictate a letter to a secretary
differentiate使不同,使有差别,区分,区别: differentiate varieties of plants
diffuse扩散(气体,液体等): The colors of the sunset were diffused across the sky
dim in ish减少,降低: His illness dimin ished his strength
ip loma外交家,外交官,圆滑的人: a career diplomat
discard丢弃,抛弃: discard an old pair of shoes
discern看出,觉察出: We could discern from his appearance that he was upset
disclose揭露,透露,使公开: disclose information to sb
discharge FiX: the judge found him not guilty and discharged him
discount把(价格,费用等)打折扣,削价出售: The store discounts3 per cent on all bills paid when due.
discriminate区别,辨别:It' s difficult to discriminate between the tw in brothers.
disgrace丢脸,耻辱: bring disgrace on oneself
disgust厌恶,恶心; feel disgust for bad odors
disperse分散,驱散,散去: Police dispersed the rioters with tear gas
displace移动。。的位置: Many of the inhabitants were displaced by the rising floodwaters
dispose布置,整理: The stores disposed the jewellery in an attractive display
disregard不理会,不顾: Disregard the noise and keep working
distinct有区别的,不同的: Three distinct types of peopl
distort扭歪,扭曲: a face distorted by(或wih)pain
distract使转向: be distracted from one' s original purpose
istribute分配,分发: distribute the prizes among the winners
diⅳ vorce离婚,分离,脱离: sue for a divorce
dominate分配,统治: a white dominated society
donate捐赠,赠送: They donate to the Red Cross every year
dom命运,厄运,劫数: His doom was to be poverty
doze打瞌睡,打盹儿: The old lady dozed in her armchair
drain慢慢排去: drain water from a poo
dread怕,畏惧:』 dread to think of w hat may happen.
drift漂流,漂泊: The sounds of music drifted up to us
dubious引起怀疑的,不确定的: a dubious reply
due欠款的,应支付的: A great deal of money is due to you.
dump倾倒,倾卸: He opened his bag and dumped its contents on the desk
duplicate完全一样的,复制的: a duplicate ke
durable耐用的: a durable fabric
dwell( dwelt或 dwelled)(尤指作为常住居民)居住: dwell on an island
economic a节约的,节俭的,经济的: an economical stove
edge il, t: At the edge of the lake women were doing their washing
edible可以吃的,可食用的 edible oil
elaborate精心计划(或制作)的,详尽的 :an elaborate plot
elevate举起,提高,抬起 elevate the living standards of the people
elim inate排除,消除 elim inate the explo itation of man by man
elte出类拔萃的人(或物),精华 the elite of the society
eloquent雄辩的,口才流利的,有说服力的 can e loquent spokesman
embark上船(或飞机,汽车等) embark for Europe at New York harbor
embody使具体化,表现 embody principles in actions
embrace拥抱 She embraced her son tenderly
emigrate移居外国(或外地区) emigrate from Canada to Australia
emit发出,散发(光,热,电度,声音,液体气味等),发射电子 The chimney emitted a cloud of smoke
enclose(从四面八方)围住,包围 enclose a porch with gla
enc ounter意外的遇见遭遇 rencounter an old friend in the theatre
endeavor(为达到某一目的而)努力,尝试 How much he endeavored, goal stayed unattained
energy活力,精力 a man of energy
enforce实施,使生效 The principal enforced the rules of the school
engage(用契约诺言等)约束,使订婚 He engaged himself as an apprentice to a printer
enhance提高(价格,质量,吸引力等)增加,增强 enhance one' s reputation
enlighten启发,使摆脱偏见(或迷信) Would you enlighten me on your plans for the future?
eno吸收(成员),招生: The school enrolled about300 pupils last year
ensure保证,担保 His industriousness and ability will ensure his success
entertain给。娱乐,使有兴趣: The child is entertain ing himself with his build ing blocks
entitle给。。权利给。。资格(to) Robert was entitled to see the documents
equivalent相等的,相同的: The misery of such a pos ition is equivalent to its happine
erase擦掉抹掉,消除: erase the chalk marks
rect竖直的,垂直的,竖起的 an erect tree
erupt(火山,喷泉等)喷发; The volcano is due to erupt any day
essence本质实质,要素 Being thoughtful of others is the essence of politeness
eternal永恒的,永存的,永久的 eternal truths
hate估价,评价 evaluate pro
evaporate(使)蒸发、(使)挥发 Heats evaporate water
exaggerate夸张,夸大对,言过其实 eep to the facts and dont exaggerate
exceed超出,胜过 Her performance exceeded all the others
excess超越超过 can excess of supply over demand
execute实行,实施执行,履行 execute a plan
exemplify例示,举例证明,是…,的例证(或榜样等) The teacher exemplif ied the use of the word
exert用力,尽力 exert all one' s strength
exhaust汲空抽完: exhaust a well
expand扩大,扩展,膨胀 Read ing( travel)expands one' s mind
expel驱逐,赶走: expel an invader from a count
expend花费消费(on,in) They expended all their strength in(on) trying to climb out
满期,届期,(期限)终止 His term of office expires this year
explicit详尽的,明确的 give explicit directions
exploit英勇的或冒险的行为或事迹: The daring of exploit of the parachutists were much admired
exterior外部的,外面的,外表的: exterior decorations
external外面的,外部的: external signs of a disease
extinct(火等)熄灭了的 an extinct cigarette(fire)
extinguish熄灭,扑灭 cextingu ish a cigarette(candle)
extract取出,提取: extract a confess ion
extravagant奢侈的,浪费的 be extravagant in one's way of liv in
fabricate建造,制造 The finest craftsmen fabricated this clock
facilitate使变得(更)容易,使便利 Such a port would facilitate the passage of oil from the Middle East to Japan
fade(颜色)褪去 The color in this material will not fade
faint不清楚的,模糊的,微弱的 a faint idea
fancy想象力 Children usually have a lively fancy
fare车费,船费,飞机票价flha)fare
fascinate强烈的吸引迷住,使神魂颠倒 be fascinated with history
fashion方式,样子 She speaks in a very strange fashion
favor恩惠,善意的行为 We would esteem it a great favor if you would reply at once
feasible可行的 a feasib le plan(idea)
feeble虚弱的,无力的 His pulse was very feeble
eed喂养,饲养: feed a baby at the breast
e数字; according to official fig
finance财政,金融: skill in finance
finite有限的,有限制的 c a finite number of facts
fare(火焰)闪耀,(摇曳不定地)燃烧 candle flar ing in the wind
fash闪光,闪烁 a flash of light ing
flat平坦的,扁平的 ca flat land
attr奉承,使高兴 feel greatly flattered by your invitation
flavor味,味道,风味 drama with a European flavor
fle逃走,逃掉 The enemy troops fled in utter confusion
flex ible柔韧易,弯曲的 flex ible cord
fing(用力)扔,掷抛,丢 ling sb into prison
flourish茂盛,繁荣,兴旺 Painting flour ished in Italy in the fifteenth century
fluc tuate波动,起伏 You cant march in a straight line to the victory, you fluctuate it
flush脸红 Her cheeks flushed red
forbid不许,禁止 Wine is absolutely forbidden to all the children
forge锻炼 forge a horse-shoe out of an iron bar
formulate规划(制度等,构想出(计划方法等) formulate a policy
fracture裂缝裂痕: a fracture in the pipe
frequent时常发生的,频繁的 His trips to France are less frequent now
frown皱眉: frown at sb
frustrate挫败阻挠,使灰心使无效 lustrate a plan
fulfill( fulfilled, fulfilling)履行,实现,完成: fulfill a contract
furnish供应,提供: furnish blankets for the refugees
ury狂怒,暴怒: fly into a fury
fuss大惊小怪,乱忙,小题大做: make much fuss over losing a penny
gallop(马等的)飞跑,疾驰: The horse did a fine gallop during the race
gamble赌博: gamble at cards
gasp喘气,喘息: speak between gasps
gear齿轮,传动装置,(排)档: interlock cogs and gears
generalize归纳,概括!don' t think you can generalize about w hat voters will do
genuine真的,非人造的,名副其实的: genuime leather crate electricity
generate产生,发生(电、热、光、力、摩擦力等):gen
gesture手势,示意动作: raise one' s hands in a gesture of despair
瞥,扫视: take a glance at the newspaper headlines
glare怒视,瞪眼: give the jury a glare
pse一瞥,一看: have a gli
glitter闪闪发亮(或发光),光彩夺目,闪耀: His language glitters with marvelous words
glory光荣,荣誉: The soldiers hoped to win glory on the battle field
glow发热,发光,发红: the fire glow ing in the darkness
gossip流言蜚语: give rise to gossip
overn统治,管理: govern a nation
grace优美: She ran wel, grace m
graduate(使)大学毕业: graduate from college
grant同意,淮予: grant a request
grease油脂,动物脂: the grease spot on the envelope
get问候,招呼: greet sb with a nod
grieve使悲伤,使伤心: The litt le girI grieved over her kittens death
d( ground)磨,磨碎,碾碎: grind wheat into flour
grip抓紧,紧握: Fear gripped his heart
ross总的,毛的: gross ine
guarantee保证,保证书,保单: Wealth is no guarantee of happiness
H
hail欢呼,喝彩: The crowd hailed the actress with joy
ha(行进中的)暂停前进,中止,终止: The car came to a sudden halt
hamper妨碍,阻碍: hamper sb from getting elected
handicap障碍,不利条件: Poor eyesight is a handicap to a student
haste急速,急忙,仓促,草率: Why all this haste?
hatch孵,孵出: hatch( out) chickens
hazard危险,危害物,危险之源: a life full of hazards
heal治愈,愈合: heal the sick
heap()*f a big heap of books
hedge(矮树)树篱: a quickset hedge
highlight使显著,使突出:〔 row ing economic problems were highlighted by a slowdown in oil output
hinder妨碍,阻止: Bad weather hindered travel
hint暗示:drop(gve, throw out )a hint
hoit举起,升起,吊起: The war hoisted prices
hold拿着,抓住: The girl is holding the baby in her arms
homogeneous同种类的,同性质的,有相同特征的: homogeneous parts
horizon地平(线): The sun has sunk below the horizon
hospital好客的,殷勤的,热情友好的: be hospital to the homeless
敌人的,敌方的
humble地位(或身份)低下的,卑贱的: a humble job
hysterical情绪异常激动的,歇斯底里的 an hysterical outburst of fury
identical同一的: the same(very) identical menu
identify识别,鉴别: He identified the coat as his brothe
idle散的,闲置的: id le money
ignite点燃,使燃烧
e with scraps of paper
gnoe不顾,不理,忽视: He who ignores history is doomed to repeat it
illumin ate照明,照亮,解释,启发,启迪: The room was poorly illum inated by one candle
illustrate(用图或例子)说明,阐明: A plicated rule can be illustrated by a simple example
Immerse使浸没: He immersed himself in the pool
Immune免除的,豁免的: Nobody is immune from criticism
Impact沖击,撞击: the impact of light on the eye
impaIr削弱,减少: The output of produce was impaired by the bad weather
partial公正的,无偏见的: A judge should be impartial
implement工具,器具,用具: new types of farm implements
Impose征(税),加(负担,惩罚等)于(on,upon): impose additional tax on business expansion
impulse fEE, yxE: give an impulse to the development of the friendly relations between the twocountries
inaccessible达不到的: The two rocks at the top of the steep hill is at first sight inaccessible
incline A f: The shaft inc lines almost thirty degree
Incorporate包含,吸收: His book incorporates his earlier essays
Incur招致,引起,遭受: incur sb' s displeasure(enwy)
indignant偾怒的,愤慨的: The ac tress was at the columnist's personal questions
indispensable必不可少的,必需的(to.for): Oxygen is indispensable to lif
duce引诱,劝使: Nothing will induce me to do that
infer(根据已知事实等)推断,推定(fom): From his grades I inferred that he was a good student
Ingen lous(人,头脑等)灵巧的,足智多谋的: an ingenious designer
initiate开始,发起: Initiate a conversation
Innovate革新,改革,创新(in, on/upon);: innovate on another' s creation
Inquire询问,打听: He inqu ired what the weather was likely to be
Insert插入,嵌入: In the pause he managed to inquire a question
Inspire鼓舞,激起: His speech inspires the crowd
Instant紧急的,急迫的,立即的,即刻的: be in instant need of help
Institute学会,协会,学院,研究院: an institute for the blind
insulate隔音,使隔绝(以免受到影响): We are not insulated from the real world the way we were
insult侮辱,辱骂: She insulted him by calling him a coward
Insure保险,给。保险: Every father should insure his life for the sake of his wife and children
Intact完整无缺的,未经触动的,未受损伤的: an intact family
Integrate使成一体,使合并(wih,into): integrate traditional Chinese medic ine with western medicine
interfere妨碍,沖突(wth): Misty weather interfered with the contact
ntermittent间歇的,断断续续的,周期性的: suffer from intermittent headaches
Intervene插入,介入: A week intervenes between Christmas and New Years Day
intricate错综复杂的,复杂精细的: A detective story usually has an intricate plot
Invert使反向,使倒转,使颠倒: The magician inverted the bag to show it was empty
Irrespective不考虑的,不顾的(o): irrespective of consequences
Irritate激怒,使恼怒,使烦躁: be irritated by sb' s insolence
justify证明。正当或有理,正确: Such behavior is justified on these ground
knit编织,编结:She' s knitting her husband a sweater
lbel标签,标记,标号: put labels on your luggage
lag走得慢,落后,滞留: Some of the runners began to lag
latent潜在的,隐伏的,不易觉察的: a latent infection
leak漏洞,裂缝: The pipe has got a leak
lean斜,倾斜 the Leaning tower of Pisa
kend借给,贷款 Could you lend me your car
length长,长度 What is the length of the street?
liable会……的,有……倾向的 We are all liable to make mistakes
liberal慷慨的,大方的 a liberal donat ion
lght光,光亮,光线 The house blazed with light
linp软的,松沓的 a young man in a limp gray sweater
linger逗留,徘徊 The children lingered at the zoo until closing time
long长的,远的,久的 a long journey
lubricate使润滑 lubricate the skin w ith cold cream
lump块,小方块 a lump of coal
macroscope肉眼可见的
magnet磁铁,磁铁石 The pin was extracted w ith a magnet
magnify放大,扩大 I want to magnify this picture
maintain维持,保持 maintain law and order
malfunction发生功能障碍,发生障碍 If the puter malfunc tions it fails to work properly
maltreat粗暴地对待,虐待 We'll not intervene unless the children are being physically maltreated
manifest显然的,明了的 manifest superiority
manipu late(熟练地)操作Mr. Smith manipulated the ivory chopsticks with great dexterity
mature熟的,成熟的 a mature fruit
met遇见,碰到 e met her there by chance
melt使融化,使熔化 The sun melted the snow
mend修理,修补 mend clothes
mert长处,优点,价值,功绩 merits and demerits
migrate移居(尤指移居国外),迁移 migrate to another country
min imum最低限度,最少量,最低点
minor较小的,较少的,较不重要的
把……引错方向,把……引入歧途
noan呻吟声,呜咽声 Each time she moved her leg she let out a
mobilize iJA Our country s in great danger, we must the arm
mock嘲笑,嘲弄 He had≈ ed her modest ambitions
model模型,原形 build airp lane~s
modify修改,更改~alaw
momentary片刻的,瞬息的a~ feeling of fear
monitor(学校的)班长a~ in class5
mortgage抵押(借款) He will have to~ his land for a loan.
motion动,运动the~ of the planets
motive动机,目的 be proper in
mount登上,爬上~ the steps
mult iply乘,相乘~7and8
muscle肌肉 fac ial~:
mutual相互的,彼此的~aid
narrate叙述,讲述~ the story of sb's life
nasty龌龊的,肮脏的a~room
necessitate使成为必须,需要 The emergency d a change in plans
ecessity必要(性),(迫切)需要 There is no~ for disappointment
neglect忽视,忽略~one' s health
negligent疏忽的,大意的be~ about traffic regulations
nominal名义的,有名无实的a~ leader
nominate提名
leader
noteworthy值得注意的,显著的a~day
notorious臭名昭著的a~ thief
notw ithstanding虽然,尽管 They traveled on, the storm
nourish养育 Milk is all we need to~ our small baby
numb麻木的,失去感觉的 fingers with cold
object物体,事物 cultural~s
objective目的,宗旨 political~s
oblige强迫,迫使 In certain countries the law~ s parents to send their children to school
obscure晦涩的,费解的an~text
obsolete废弃的,淘汰的 Wooden warships are
obstinate顽固的,固执的,倔强的 The girl would go her own way, in spite of all warnings
occ asion时刻,场合 They met on three~s
occupy占用,占有 My books~ a lot of space
occur发生,存在,出现 when did the earthquake~?
od的奇数的,单的,奇怪的One, three five are numbers
offend冒犯,使生气 She was afraid of~ rIng anyone
offence犯法行为,过错 They were arrested for drug~s
offset补偿,抵消 They gains~ the losses
omit省略,删去 Minor points may be omitted
opaqμue不透明的 a brick wall is
optimistic乐观的,乐观主义的
选择权 It is yo
to take it or leave it
orient东方,东方国家 political theory in the West and in the Orient
origin起源,由来 a word of latin
ornament装饰品,点缀品 We bought~ "s for the Christmas tree
orthodox正统的,正宗的an
onomic theory
tine轮廓,外形 He saw the~ of a house against the sky
overflow泛滥 Every spring the river~s
overhaul大修,全面检查,彻底革新~ a faulty machine
overhear偶然听到,偷听到 I wouldn' t like to be~d
overlap重叠,部分相同 The Renaissance overlapped the later Middle Ages
overtake赶上,超过 He ran out of the door to~her
overthrow推翻,打倒 a plot to~ the government
overw heln征服,压倒,毁坏 He took45% of the ballots and~ ed his two main rivals
ace步,步速,步伐 He took three~ s forward
pack包,包裹 The climber carried some food in a~ on his back
pad垫,衬垫 a seat
pant气喘,气喘吁吁地说话He~ ed along beside the bicycle
parallel平行的 The road is~ to the river
paralyze使瘫痪,使麻痹 A stroke~ d half his face
partial偏向一方的,偏袒的,偏爱的 A parent should not be~ to any one of his children
participate参与,参加, In a modern democracy people want to more fully
particular特殊的,特别的 a matter of~ Importance
pat(用掌或扁平物)轻拍,轻打 She patted a place next to her for me to sit down
patch补钉,补片 patches at elbows of a jacket
patent专利,专利权,专利品 take out a~ for an invention
pattern模范,榜样 set the~for
pave铺路,铺砌,铺筑~ a road with concrete
peculiar奇怪的,古怪的 He has always been a little
peel削皮,剥皮 peel potatoes
penetrate穿透,渗入 The nail d the wood at least two inches
perceive感知,感觉,觉察 He was only able to~ light and color he could not see properly
perfect完美的,理想的a
perform做,执行,完成~ an experiment
perfume香水,香料,香气 She loves french~(s
periodical期刊,杂志a~room
perish卒,丧生~ from disease
perpetual永久的,永恒的,长期的a~ arms race
perplex使困惑,使茫然 The question~ ed him
persecute虐待,残害,迫害~ animals
perspective透视画法,透视图 a lesson in draw ing class on
sinitic悲观的 am abo
my chances of
tion请愿,请愿书 get up a
pierce刺入,刺穿,穿透 The thorn~ d his heel
pile一堆,一叠a
or saI
pilot飞行员,驾驶员
pin大头针,别针
pinch捏,拧,夹I~ ed myself to make sure I wasn' dreaming
lausible论点等貌似有理的a~ excuse
plead恳求,请求 His parents~ ed that he should be given one more chance
pledge保证,誓言,誓约 fulfill one's
plot小块土地 a vegetable
plug塞子,栓 He wears rubber~ s in his ears when he swims
plunge猛地投入或插入 He ran to the edge of the sw imming pool and~din
pocket衣袋,口袋,袋子 a change
polish擦光,擦亮 Polish your shoes w ith a brush
poll民意测验 Arecent~ shows a change in public opinion
pool水池,游泳池 a swimming
ortable便于携带的,手提式的,轻便的 This little Tv is extremely
ose姿势,样子 The model was asked to adopt various~ s for the photographer
postpone延迟,延缓,延期 We are postponing our trip until the weather grows warmer
potential潜在的,可能的 That hole in the road is a~ danger
pour倒,注,灌,倾泻,涌流 He began to~ with sweat
preach讲道,布道~ to a packed church
preside主持,主管at,over) The vice chairman of the board will~ at todays meeting
press按,挤,压~ the bell
presume推测,假定,假设 From the way they talked,I~ d them to be married
prevail流行,盛行 This custom still~ s among members of the older generation
prey被捕食的动物,捕获物 The lion seized its~ and ate it
刺,一扎 The boy burst the balloon with a~ of the needle
prime首要的,主要的 a matter of importance
primitive原始的,上古的,早期的a~ forest
prior在先的,在前的 Stop making public statements without their~ approval here
privilege特权,优惠,特免 In countries w here there are still not many schools, education is a
probe探索,探查,调查~ the roots of war
proceed(尤指停顿或打断后)继续进行 The train- ed at the same speed as before
ess过程,进程the~ of dig
claim
war
produce生产,制造 Canada~ swheat and furs
oft利润,收益,红利 They made millions in~ s in last year
profound很深的a~slep
hibit*1E: Tourist c lass passengers are ed from us ing the first class lounge
project计划,方案 draw up a
prolong延长,拉长,拖延 a means of~ ing life
prominent突起的,凸出的a~ forehead
prompt敏捷的,迅速的Heis~ on the job
pronounce发音~ distinctly
propose提议,建议 When she was very ill, her lawyer has - d to her that she might like to make a will
prosper兴旺,繁荣,昌盛,成功 His farm~ ed through good management
provoke挑动,激起,导致 He tried to
them into fighting
pump R fill a bucket from the
uve追赶,追随,追求 He felt their eyes pursuing him
puzzle难题,智力玩具,迷,迷惑jgsa
quality质量,品级 merchandise of
quantity数量,量 an Increase in
quench消除,平息,压制,扑灭~ hatred
queue一队人,一行列车 from a
qut停止,放弃 It hasn't~ raining yet
quiver颤抖,抖动~ with cole
quote引用,引述,援引She~ d several verses to us
R
rack架子,支架,搁架 a clothes
radiate(光,热等)辐射,发射 The sun~ s light and heat
radical根本的,基本的a~eror
ake(长柄)耙,耙机,耙状物 an oyster
raly集合,团结~ public opinion in favor of price controls
rando胡乱的,任意的,随意的,a~tlk
range排,行,一系列a~ of buildings
ank排,行,列the~ s of great pines
rate比率,率 loc ity is the~ of change of distance with respect to time
reap收割,收获~ the rice in the field
rear后部,后边,背部 a garden at the~ of the house
reca回忆,回想I~ seeing a poster on his wall
reciprocal相互的,交互的~ respect
reckon计算,数~ the days till Christmas
reclaim使改过,改造~ former criminals
recognize认出,识别Dogs~ people by their smell
recollect回忆,想起 I am trying to~ a forgotten address
remend推荐,称赞He~ ed me for the post of headmaster
reconcile使和解,使和好 After each fight they ate soon
recover追回,重新得到 The police~ ed stolen watch
recruit招募(新兵)招收(新成员) try to~300 men in two days
rectify纠正,改正,矫正~ the mistakes in a bill
refer提到,谈到 Does the remark~tome
refine ter- crude oil into var ious petroleum products
reform改革,改良 He spend years trying to~ the world
efresh使恢复活力,使振作精神Slep~ es the body
refute驳斥,驳倒 The argument cannot be d at the moments
regard看待,认为,对待I~ the matter in this light
regenerate使恢复,使复兴,再生 The human body can~hai, nails,
regulate管理,控制,为……制订规章 The policeman~ d traffic at the intersection
regn为王,统治 In England the sovereign~ s but does not rule
reinforce增援,加强 They hope to~ their domination in these countries
rejoice使感到高兴,使充满喜悦 The whole nation~ over the victory
relate讲述,叙述She~ d the experience of a Chinese girl in the Un ited States
relay接力传送,传递~ a message
elease排放,释出
bomb from an aircraft
relevant有关的,切题的Idon' t think his remarks are~ to our discussions
relieve缓解,减轻,解除 He smoked frequently to~ nervous tension
remark评论,议论(on,upon) It would be rude to~ upon her appearance
remedy治疗,治疗法,药品 a folk
remember记得,回想起,不忘记I~ reading that boo when i was eight
remind提醒,使想起I~ ed him of his
remove移开,挪走~one' s eyes from the picture
render使得,使成为 The blow~ ed him unconscious
renew更新,恢复,更换 We feel totally~ ed in body,mind, and spirit
renovate修复,整修~ a two storey build ing
repel击退,抵制,拒绝,排斥~ the enemy
repent后悔,懊悔~ of a thoughtless act
replace代替,取代,更换 The calculator is rapidly rep lac ing the abac us
epresent代表,象征 To many local people these castles~ a hundred years of foreign dominat ion
reproach责备,指责,斥责mute
rescue营救,救援,搭救~ hostages held by the terrorists
resent怨恨~ those unfair ments
reserve保留,储备 We'll the ticket for you till tomorrow noon
resign辞职,引退He~ ed from his post
resolve决定,打定注意要 Have you~ d where to go next?
resort求助,凭借,诉诸~ to sb for help
restore恢复,修复,康复 The temple has been~ d out of all recognition
restrain抑制,遏止~one' s anger
resume重新开始,继续 When I quit golf, I-d writing
retan保留,保持~ the right to reply
eveal揭示,揭露 I promise never to~ his secret
revenge fail, 2f Man may destroy the balance of nature, but, from time to time, nature takes a terrible
reverse相反的,颠倒的,倒退的a~ dictionary
revise修订,校订~ a dictionary
revive苏醒,复苏 He is dead and never will
ridiculous可笑的,荒唐的,荒谬的 n this department of English gir ls outnumber boys in a~ ratio
rigid刚性的,坚硬的a
rjpe成熟的,时机成熟的
roll滚动,滚落 Rocks were~ ing down the hillside
rot腐烂,腐坏,腐朽,腐败,腐化 Meat may if it is not refrigerated
undabout绕道的,绕圈子的,不直接的 The car has to take a~ course to avoid the flood
rouse惊起 The boat~ d wild ducks to flight
row吵闹,争吵What' s all this~ about?
rub擦,摩擦 He rubbed his eyes
rush冲,奔~ into th
e room
rust锈,铁锈 Iron gathers~ easily
ruthless无情的,残忍的,冷酷的a~ enemy
sack麻袋,纸袋,塑料袋a~ of cement
sacred神圣的the~ name of God
sacrifice献祭,供奉 a law banning the
of anum
salute敬礼,祝贺~ one's superior officer
scan细看,审视~ the doctor's face for a sign of hope
scare惊吓,恐惧 The thunder~ d the children
scatter撒,撒播~ corn for the chickens
schedule时间表,进度表 a fight
scheme计划,方案 He suggested several~ s to increase sales
scold责骂,训斥Dad~ ed me for ing home late
score得分,比分,分数,成绩 At the end of first half there'sno
scorn轻蔑,鄙视He~ s lying
scrap碎片,零屑~ s of bread
scrape刮,擦~ one's chin
scratch抓,刮,擦 The cat~ ed me with its claws
screen
屏,幕,帘 a folding
secure安全的,可靠的,有把握的 a castle~ from attack
k寻找,探索~ shelter from the rain
seize抓住,提住 The policeman~ d him by the collar
sense感官,官能sght, hearing, touch, taste, and smell are the five~s
sensible明知的,合情理的a~ choice
serve服务,履行职责He~ d as an adviser to the pany
set放置 He set his hand on my shoulder
shade荫,荫凉处 The group of trees provide some~ from the sun
sham假装,虚伪 Her illness was a~ to gain sympath
shame羞耻,羞愧 flush with
shape形状,外形the~ of sb's face
share-分,分额,一部分 They divided the money into equal~s
hear剪,修剪~ a lawn
shed it one's blood for one's country
hel
完全的,十足的
掩蔽处,躲避处abus
shield盾,保护物,防御物 They piled more sand on top as a
shit转移,移动Don' t try to the blame onto me
shower阵雨,阵雨般的东西 be caught in a hard
shrewd机灵的,敏锐的,精明的a
signify表示,表明,预示~ consent with a nod
simulate假装,冒充 use tricks to~ illness
sit坐,就坐 He was sitting over his coffee with a cigar
sketch素描,速写 make a~ of a face in pencil
slack不紧的,不严的a~ soft rope
slender苗条的,修长的,细长的 She is~ and has long dark hair
slide滑行,滑动,滑落 The drawers of my desk~ in and out easily
slm苗条的,薄的 Regular exercise will make you slimmer
s滑倒,滑落,滑行She~ ed on the wet stones and fell
slt切开,撕开~ the envelope open
slope倾斜,有坡度 The ground~ s down sharply at this point
y狡猾的,偷偷的a~ answer
smart聪明的,精明的 Smart students talk earlier than the average
mash打碎,打破,摧毁 The ball~ ed the window
smooth平滑的,光滑的~skin
snatch夺得,一把抓住 The thief ed her handbag and ran off
snob势力的人,谄上欺下的人a~ of the first water
soak湿透,浸湿,浸泡 You shouldn t have gone out in the rain- your clothes are ing
sober未醉的 A driver must stay
soil泥土,土壤The~ here is very fertile
phisticated老于世故的 a young man quite~ for his
sore痛的,痛苦的,痛心的 touch sb on a~ place
sort种类,类别 He is not the~ of man to do such a cruel thing
sound健康的,健全的,完好的a~ body in a~mind
sour酸的,酸味的~ pickles
sow播种 This plot of land was sown with maize
spare多余的,剩下的 have no~cash
spark火花,火星 The firework burst into a shower of~s
sparkle发光,闪耀 Her eyes were sparkling with anger
specify具体指定,详细说明 They have specified the amount as700,000 dollars
spectacle景象,奇观,壮观,场面 The burning house was a terrible
peculate推测,推断 I cannot~ on their motives for doing this
spill溢出,溅出 The ship~ red oil while in port
spin纺制
cotton into yarn
spit HH He was ting out the husks of sunflower seeds on the floor
splash溅泼 A passing car ed my dress
split劈开,切开,裂开
spoil损坏,毁掉 It would my reputation
sponsor发起者,主办者,保证人,赞助者the~ of the annual( Christmas parade
spot斑点,污点 a blue tie with~s
spray浪花,水花 The new shower heads reduce and waste less water
sprout抽条,发芽,长出 The seeds we planted finally ed
spur靴刺,踢马刺 a pair of~s
squeeze榨,挤~ juice from oranges
stab刺,戳,猛的一击,突发的一阵a~ of anxiety
stack整齐的一叠a~ of bills
staf全体职员,全体雇员 The pany has got a~ of about40
stain玷污,污染 His shirt was~ ed with blood
stale食品等不新鲜的,走味的 These old peanuts taste
all牛舍
stamp邮票puta~ on a letter
start开始,动手 ve got so many things to do,Idon' t know where to
startle惊吓,使吃惊 The horse~ s easily
starve使挨饿,饿死 Many live in luxury while others are starving
station车站 at Victoria Station
stationary固定的,静止的,非流动的~ troop
statistIcs统计,统计资料 The recent~ on marriage are interesting
steer掌舵,驾驶~ a car through the entrance
stern严厉的,苛刻的a~ punishment
stick棍,棒,手杖 Grandfather walks with a
stimulate剌激,促使~ economic grow th
sting刺,螫,叮 a bee stung him on the neck
stir使微动,移动 a breeze- red my hair
stitch-针,针脚 Make your~ es closer together
stock原料,备料,库存,现货 Rags are used as a~ for making paper
stoop俯身,弯腰She~ ed to pick up her fan
stom风暴,暴风雨,暴风雪A~ arose
straightforward一直向前的,直接的a~ bus iness transaction
strain拉紧,绷紧 If you~ the elastic any more, it will break
strap带,皮带siks~s
stream小河,溪流 on the banks of a
strength力量,力气,活力,效力 the economic~ of a nation
stress压力,紧张 Not all of us can cope with the~ es of modern life
stretch伸直,伸长 He yawned and~ ed himself
stride阔步前进,大踏步走 He strode to the platform
strike打击,撞 A stone struck me on the head
string细绳,线,带 She took the parcel and started to undo the string
strip剥去,除去 The wind stripped the tree of all its leaves
strive努力,奋力,力求~ towards a goal
stroke敲,打,鸣 drive in a nail with one~ of the hammer
stubborn顽固的,倔强的The~ boy refused to listen to his parents'advice
stuf原料,材料,物品,东西 He has got all the~ ready for build ing his new hous
subject题目,主题 the for a debate
submerge浸没,淹没,湮没 The stream overflowed and~ d the farmland
ubmit屈服,服从,投降~ to foreign
subordinate下级的 In the army, captains are~ to majors
substance物质,实质the~ of pre- - school educ ation
substitute代替者,代替物 He is the doctor' s during holidays times
btle微妙的,巧妙的 His whole attitude has undergone a~ change
attract减,减去 Subtract4 from 1
6
连续,一系列a~ of debate
mosquito was sucking blood from the back of her hand
sue控告,起诉~ sb for slander
summary总结,概要 This book has a~ at the end of each chapter
superb极好的,一流的,杰出的~ science and engineering
superficial表面的a~ resemblance
superfluous过多的,剩余的,多余的a~ remark
supervise监督,管理,指导~ sb's every move
supplement增补,补充a~ to wages
suppress压制,镇压~ human right
upreme最高的,至上的a~rulr
surpass超过,优于,强于,胜过~ advanced world
surplus过剩,剩余 a teacher
survey aI population growth in the southern provinces
survive幸存,幸免于 Only two people~ d the fire
suspect怀疑He~ ed a plot against his life
sustain支撑,承受 The fountains were not strong enough to~ the weight of the house
swallow吞,咽~ one's food
warm蜂群
sway摇摆 a tree -ing gently in the breeze
swea宣誓,发誓~ on a bible to observe secre
swel膨胀,鼓起Atie~ s as it is filled with air
SW
ing摇摆,摇荡~ a baby in the cradle
sympathy同情心,慰问 a man of w ide sympathies
synchronize使同步,使结合,使协调 Their steps~d
taboo禁忌,忌讳 Movies producers attempted to break down all the~s
tackle用具,装备 shaving
tailor裁缝 go to the~'s
tak讲话,谈话 Is your baby talking yet
tame驯化的,驯服的,温顺的~ animails
an棕黄色,黄褐色 buy some shoes in tar
tax税(款) Half of his wages go in tax
tear撕开,撕裂 tear open an envelope
tease戏弄,取笑 The boy is teasing the cat
tedious单调乏味的,冗长的,罗嗦的a~ debate
temper心情,脾气 be in a good
tempt引诱,诱惑 Nothing could~ me to do such a thing
tend趋向,倾向 Interest rates are ing upwards
tender嫩的a~ piece of meat
tentative试验性的,试探性的,暂时的,推测的a~plan
term学期 the spring
terminate停止,结束,使终止~ a contrac
riy使害怕,使惊吓 She was terrified out of her wits
testify作证,证明 He agreed to~ on behalf of the accused man
thermal热的,由热造成的~ burns
thirst渴,口渴 The heat creates a~ in me like I' ve never had before
thread线,线状物 cotton
thrill使非常兴奋,使非常激动 It's a sight that never fails to me
thrive兴旺发达,繁荣 His business is thriving
thrust推,刺,戳,插,挤 He was~ Into power
tick(钟声等发出的)滴答声
tidy整洁的,整齐的a~room
it使倾斜,使倾倒 Tilt your head back so that I can look down your throat
time时间,时刻,时候~ and space
ip末端,尖端 the tips of the fingers
toast烤面包,吐司 twoslices of
token表示,标志,象征 He did that as a~ of good faith
torture拷打,拷问~ a confession from a prisoner
toss扔,抛,掷 The children tossed the ball to each other
tough坚韧的,牢固的 Some plastic are as~ as metal
tow拖,拉,牵引 tow a damaged ship into port
tower塔,塔楼,高楼 a television
trace痕迹,踪迹 The wound healed, leav ing almost n
of a scar
track足迹,踪迹~ s in the snow
tragedy E d Hamlet is one of shakespeare's best known tragedies
trail痕迹,足迹a~ of destruction left by the violence
tramp步行,跋涉 He loves~ ing over the hills
transfer转移,调动 the pany has transferred to an eastern location
transform变形,改观~ a hotel into a hospital
transient短暂的,转瞬即逝的~ happiness
transmit播送,发射~ a match live
transparent透明的 Glass is
transplant移植,移种,移居~ a human heart into a patient
treasure财宝,财富 dig for buried
trend倾向,趋势
oI price
trick诡计,蝙局 He got the money by a
il琐事,小事 One should not get angry about such
ri整齐的,整洁的~awns
trjp旅行,旅游 a round the world
triple三倍的,三重的,三部分的,三方的 Black unemployment rate runs~ the figure for white
triumph胜利a~ over the enemy
trivial琐碎的,不重要的,无价值的~ matters
tuck夹入,藏入He~ ed the letter in a book so he wouldn' t lose it
tug(用力)拖或拉 He tugged the door but it wouldn' t open
tumble跌到,滚下 The baby is just learning to walk and he' s always tumbling over
tune曲调,曲子 She wrote the words of the song and her brother wrote the
turbulent骚乱的,动荡的,混乱的,狂暴的a~ crowd
turn转动,旋转 Turn the hands of the clock until they point to9 O'clock
tutor家庭教师,指导教师 When the students are making their choices, their~ may well guide then
twinkle闪烁,闪耀,闪亮 The diamond on her finger - d in the firelight
twist捻,搓,绞,拧~ a rope out of threads
ult imate最后的,最终的 The war ended for us in victory
unanimous全体一致的,一致同意的 They are~ in asking for a rise in pay
uncover揭开,揭露~ a dish of food
derestimate低估~ the difficulties of the task
undergo经历,遭受,忍受~ much suffering
underline在……下划线,强调 Please translate the~ d sentences in the passage
underlie位于……乙下 Many facts my decision
undermine在……下挖
undertake着手做,从事~ an attack
undesirable不合意的,不受欢迎的 The drug has~ side effect
uneasy心神不宁的,不安宁的be~ uneasy about the future
unfold展开,打开
ewspaper
uniform不变的,相同的,均匀,统一的a~ temperature
uniy使成一体,统一 bee a unified nat ion
update更新,使现代化~ a textbook
upgrade提高,使升级,改善~ products and services
uphold举起,高举 He upheld his clenched hand
upright挺直的,垂直的an~seat
uproar骚乱,骚动 The public~ over unc lear- radiation hazards continues to mount
upset弄翻,打翻r've~ a tin of paint on the carpet
upto-date时新的,新式的,现代化的 They are~ on recent developments in the world puter industry
urge推进,鼓励 The president, d on by his staff., has decided to attend the talks
urgent紧迫的,紧要的 He left the country on~ bus iness
Utilize利用~ solar energy
uter发出(声音等),说,吐露~ the truth
vacant未被占用的a~ seat in a bus
vague含糊的,不明确的,模糊的a~ answer
vain徒劳的,无效的~ efforts
id有根据的
value trfi I was offered 50 pounds for my old car but its is much higher
vanish突然消失,逐渐消散 With a wave of his hand, the magic ian made the rabbit
veil面纱,面罩 Jew ish women wore~ s in token of reverence and submiss ion
ventilate使通风,使空气流通~ a room
venture冒险,冒险行动,投机行动 take a~ in oil
边,边缘,边沿the
verify证明,证实 Subsequent events verified my suspicion
versatile多才多艺的a~man
versus诉讼,竞赛等中以…为对手 The match tonight is China~ Japan
vertical垂直的,立式的a~ engine
veto否决,否决权,否决权的行使 The rest of the mittee could not accept the
vibrate使震动,使摆动 His heavy footsteps upstairs made the old house
vIcIous邪恶的,恶毒的,凶残的 lead a~life
vigor体力,精力,活力ithe~ of manhood
vio late违反,违背~ the traffic regulation
irtual实际上的,事实上的the~ manager of the bus iness
virtue美德,德行 Among her many~ s are loyalty, courage, and truthfulness
visible看得见的,可见的 a ship barely
the horizon
visIon视力,视觉~care
tal有生命力的 The heart is a~ organ
viv id鲜艳的the~ green of leaves in spring
void空的a~ space
volunteer志愿者,自愿参加者 Are there any~ s for a sw im?
vote投票,表决 bring sth to a vote
wage工资,报酬 What is your weekly
wake醒来,醒着,唤醒 He spends all his waking hours working
waken醒来,睡醒 He wakened when the alarm sounded
wander漫步,徘徊He~ ed home
ward病房a4bed
warrant授权,批准,正当理由,根据 He had no~ for his action
waterproof不透水的,防水的~ material
way方法,方式 Do it your own way
wear穿,戴~ diamonds
weary疲倦的,疲劳的a~look
weave织,编,编制~ cloth
wedge楔子,三角木 Please put a~ in the door so that it will stay open
wed杂草,野草 My garden is running to~s
wep哭泣,流泪~ for one' s failure
weigh称……重量,称~ oneself on the scales
eld焊接,煅接 It takes speed to~ steel at this heat
whirl旋转,急转 The couples~ ed round the dance floor
whisper低语,耳语,轻声说~tosb
hustle吹口哨,鸣笛 The train~d
whitewash粉饰
wholesome有益于健康的~ surroundings
wicked坏的,邪恶的,淘气的,恶作剧的~ habit
wind绕,缠 The snake wound around a branch
wie金属丝,金属线 steel
withdraw抽回,收回,提取 She withdrew her eyes from the terrible sight
withhold使停止,阻挡 be obliged to~one'spen
withstand经受,承受~ hardships
目击者,见证人a~ of the acc ident
wonder F if the Seven Wonders of the World in ancient times
worship崇拜,崇敬the~ of the dolla
woh值……钱 a house-50,000 pounds
wrap包,裹~ oneself in a blanket
wreck失事,遇难 a train
wrench扳手 He is a
wrinkle皱,皱纹 He will wore the~ s of anxiety on his forehead
write写,写字,写信,写作She~ s to me every other week.
Xerox静电复印(法),静电复印件,静电复印机 Make me a~ of this report
yield生产,产生,带来 This orchard~ "s apples and pear
Z
al热心,热忱,热情 a man of
Zigzag之字形的,弯曲的a~road
zone地带,分布带 a danger
第二部分英语词汇扩充小结
英语词汇浩瀚如海,如何记忆单词,扩大词汇量一直是英语学习者面对的一大难题。本单元介绍的构词知识
词缀,是掌握记忆单词的一个重要环节。牢记词根可以起到举一反三的效果
英语中的词缀包括前缀和后缀。一般而言,前缀只改变词义,不改变词类;后缀主要改变词类,而不改变词义。
英语词汇中由词根,前缀,后缀结合在一起的词很多,占有相当大的比重。下面将英语中常见的前、后缀列出,供
同学们参考。因为在该资料的第四部分还有系统的词缀词根内容,所以本部分内容是每个同学时间再紧张也必须掌
握的
1.常用前缀
ab-相反,不
如: abnormal反常的
ant-反对,反抗
如: antibody抗体anti- Japanese抗日的
auto-自动,自己
如: automatIc自动的 autobiography自传
善,好
如: benefit好处 benevolent仁慈的
by-侧,次要,非正式的
如: byproduct副产品
co-,co-,-,con-,cor-共同
如: cooperation合作 contract合同
d通信
de-否定,除去,非
如: depose分解
dif-,di-分开,否定
如: differ不同于,区别
dis-不,相反
如: disprove不赞成
出口 exc hude排斥
extra-超过,超越
如: extraordinary特别的
fore-预先,先前
如: forecast预报
i-表示否定意义
如: illegal不合法的 illogical不合逻辑的
表示否定意义
如: incorrect不正确的 Impatient不耐烦的
Inter-在--之间,相互
如: international国际的 nteract相互作用
表示否定意义

不规则的
kilo-千
如: kilogram千克 kilowatt千瓦
micro

如: microeconomIc微观经济学 microphone麦克风
min-微小
如: miniskirt超短裙
over-在---上,超出,压倒
如: overhead头顶的 overc ome克服
per-十分,完全
如: perfect完美的
post-在后,随后
如: postwar战后 postpone推迟
pro-向前,代理
如: progress进步 pronoun代词
re恢复,再,反对
如:redo再做 recall回忆 retreat撤退
se-分开,分离
如: separate分离 select选出
semi-半,部分
如: semifinal半决赛
sub-下,在下,其次
如: subway地道 submarine水下的
超级
ket超市
超人
如: telephone电话 telescope望远镜
trans,tran-转移,转化
如: transform改变 transport运输
un-表示否定意义
如: unmon不平凡的 unc onsc lous无意识的
under-在--之下,低于
如: underline下划线 underground地下的
向上,在上
如: uphold高举 upright垂直的
th-向后,阻止
如: withdraw取回,收回 withhold抑制,阻止
2.常用后缀
bity(n.)可--性
如: readability可读性
able(ad.)能-的
如: admire- admirable令人羡慕的
aby(ad.)--地
如: reason- reasonably有理地
al(a,)有-的特性(n)表示行为,状况如: addition-- addit ional附加的
arrive-- arrival到达
aliy(n.)表示性质,状态
如: nation- nationality国籍民族
ance(n.)表示性质,状态,行为
如:ally- alliance联盟
tance帮助
ant(a)有--性质的(n.)--的人
如: attend-- attendant出席者
ar(n,)表示人
如:beg- beggar乞丐
(n)-的人
如: library- librarian图书馆管理员
ary(a)有一性质的
如: revolution- revolutionary革命的
ate(v)使成为(a)具有--的(n)人如: activate使活动 graduate毕业生
accurate精确的
- ation(n.)表示状态,情况
如:ater- alteration改变
ative(a.)有-质的
如: pare- parative比较的
(n)表示性质,状态
如: bankrupt-- bankruptcy破产
dom(n)表示性质,状态,领域
如:fee-- freedon自由
王国
eer(n,)表示人
engine- -engineer工程师
志愿者
en(v)使成为
如:deaf-- deafen便聋
pen削尖
ence,ency(n.)表示性质,状态,行为如: emergency紧急情况 dependence依靠
ent(a)有-性质的(n.)表示人物
如: confident自信的
患者
er(n)表人物

bank---banker
ery(n)表示地点,场所
如: nurse- nursery托儿所
-ess(n)雌性
如:act- actress女演员host- hostess女主人
ety(n.)表性质,情况

anxIe
忧虑 variety种类繁多
ful(a)充满的,有--性质的
如: delight- delightful令人高兴的
help- helpful有帮组的
fy,-efy,-iy(v.)使变成
如: class-- classify分类 satisfy使满意
hood(n.)表示时期,状态,资格
如:chid- childhood童年
anhood男子气概
ic(a.)-的(n)表示人物
如:aom- atomic原子的
mechanic机修工
-ical(a.)-的
如: history- historic al历史上的
ice(n.)表示情况,性质,行为等
如: serve- service服务
ics(n.)表示理论,学说
如: electron- electronics电子学
-ier(n.)从事某一工作的人
如: cashier出纳员
ion(n.)表示情况,状态
如: dictate- dictation听写
行为
ious(a.)有--性质的
如:vary- varIous各种各样的
labor- laborious勤劳的
ish(a.)似-的
如:self- selfish自私的
fool- foolish愚蠢的
ist(a.)表示-主义或信仰
如:soci- socialist社会主义
自然主义者
-ive(a)有-的性质
如: attract- attractive有吸引力的
(n.)表示人或物
如: detect-- detective侦探
iviy(n.)表示性质,状态,--性
如:at- - actIvity活动,活力
生产力
zat ion(n.)- ation(n)组成,行为,-化如: modern- modernization现代化
ize(v.)表示使-化
如: standard- . standardize使标准化
less(a)无-的,不-的
如:hope- hopeless没希望的
logica(a)--学,--的研究
如:z0 ology- zoologica动物学的
technology- -tec hnological工艺的
ment(n)表示行为,过程,机构
如: agree-- agreement同意
st-- adjustment调整
-most(a,)表示最-的
如: foremost最先的
-ness(n)表示性质,状态
如:bind-- blindness失明
firm- firmness坚定
or(n.)表示人物
如:edit- editor编辑
-ous(a.)有-性质的
如: danger- dangerous危险的
ship(n)表示关系,资格
如: friend- friendship友谊
membership会员资格
ward(a./ad.)向一-方向的(地)
如: forward向前 backw ard向后
wise(ad)表示方向,方式
如: clock- clock ise顺时针方向地
y(a)--的,多-的(n.)性质,情况
如:rain- -rainy雨天的
dy刮风的
discover-- discovery发现
esty
第三部分词汇与搭配集锦
abide by
遵守(法律、诺言、决定等)
坚持(意见)
富有
词汇搭配是英语词汇测试的重点,英语词汇中的一些 abstain from
戒绝,避免
常用词及其构成的短语更是重中之重。理解与掌握这些
词语的意义及其用法对英语学习及语言测试有着积极的 accuse sb of
指责
作用
占,说明,解释
常用动词固定搭配
act for
代表
g
生,提出
act on
实行,其作用
bring forw ard
提议
adapt to
适应
bring out
出版,使显出
adhere to
坚持
dmit to
承认
bring to
使恢复知觉
agree on/with
同意(某事)/(某人)
培养,抚养
allow fo
考虑到
answer to
符合,适合
all at
访问,拜访(某处)
prove of
赞成
call for
邀请,要求,需要
arrive at/
到达(某地)
call forth
唤起,引起,振作起,鼓起
associate with
联合,联系
放弃,取消
assure sb of
使放心
ttend to
专心,留意
访问,拜访(某人),号召,呼吁
back
支持,倒退
call up
召集,动员,打电话,使人想起
back down
放弃,退却
way
激动(常用被动)
benefit from
得益于
carry back
唤起回忆
blame sb for sth
因某事而责备某人
carry o
致死,贏得
belong to
属于
break away(from
脱离,逃脱
继续
实现,完成
break down
损坏,瓦解,崩溃
ry through
实现,完成,帮助某人渡过难关
break in(on
强行进入,打断,插嘴
e acroSs
偶然碰到,偶然发现
闯入
break off
中止,中断
e away
断裂,脱落
break out
逃出,爆发
e by
获得
e down
传给,降价
reak through
突围,突破
进来,流行
break up
中止,结束,打碎,拆散
发生,举行,脱落,停止表演
bring about
带来,引起
e on
快点,出现,出场,开始,进展
bring around
改变主意
e out
出版,出现,结果是
归还,带回
e round
苏醒,复原
ing down
击落,打倒,降低
e throws
经历,脱险
e t
总计,苏醒
开始,着手
e up
走进,上来,发生
进入,收获,收回
符合,达到
et into
进入,陷入
e up with
提出,提供
从--下来,动身,起身
cut across
抄近路,走捷径
逃避,改掉
cut back
消减,减少
get over
克服,痊愈
cut down(on)
消减,降低
get rid of
除掉,摆脱
cut in
打断,插话
束,完成,接通电话,度过(时间)
cut off
切断,阻碍
get together
集合,聚集
删除,停止
give away
泄漏,分送
顺便拜访
送还,恢复
drop off
减弱,诚少
give n
交上,投降,屈服
drop out
退出
gIve off
放出(蒸汽,光),释放
fall back to
求助,转而依靠于
分发,放出(气味,热)
fall behind
拖欠,落后
give rise to
引起,使发生
fall in with
停止,使放弃
争吵,解散
给-让路,被-代替
落空,失败
追求
fall off
从---上落下
go ahead
开始,前进
get across
解释清楚,使人明白
go along with
陪同前往
along/
进展,过的
足够分配,流传
够得着,理解
违背
逃脱,离开
(时间)过去,遵循,凭--判断
通过,经过
下降,被载入
get down
写下
go TOI
追求,喜爱,适用于
从事,致力于,沉洏于
放一边,储蓄
go into
进入,研究,调查
lay down
放下,制定
o off
爆炸,进行,动身,离开 lay off
(临时)解雇,停止工作(休息)
熄灭,外出,过时
摆开,布置,设计,制定
go over
复习,检查
let along
更不用说
go throu
遭受,经历,仔细检查
放下,降低,使失望
伴随,与--协调
let go(of)
放开,松手
o without
没有--而将就对付
let off
宽恕,免除
hand down
流传下来,往下传
let out
放掉,发出
hand in
上交,递交
live by
靠---生活
hand on
传下来,依次传递
以--为主食
hand out
分发,分给
hrough
度过,经受住
and over
移交,让与
做到,不辜负
hold back
抑制,阻止
look after
照料,照看,关心
继续,握住不放
look at
看,看待
hold out
维持,坚持,支持
look back
回头看,回顾
紧紧抓住,坚持
look down on
请示,看不起
hold up
举起,阻挡,延迟,抢劫
look for
寻找,寻求
keep back
阻止,隐瞒,保留
look forw ard to
盼望,期望
keep down
压制,镇压,压低(声音)
ook In
顺便拜访
keep off
不接近,避开
look into
调査,窥视
keep on
继续,保持
look on
旁观,观看
keep to
坚持,遵守
ok out
留神,注意,提防
keep
保持,维持,继续进行
look over
把-一看一边,察看
keep up with
跟上,向--看齐
查阅,查考
make for
走向,有利于
run down
跑下,人精疲力竭,撞倒,贬低
make out
写出,辨出,理解
run into
跑进,使撞,偶然碰见,使陷入
组成,构成,编造,化妆,补充,和好
run out
用完,伸向,流出
make up
弥补,偿还
run ove
碾过,浏览
pay back
偿还,回报
run through
跑着穿过,贯穿,浏览
pay for
支付,付出代价
run up to
跑到,(物价)高涨到-一
pay off
还清(债务),取得成功
see off
给--送行
挑选,辨认
see through
看穿,识破,干完
拾起,搭车,学会
see
负责,照料
ull down
拆毁,拉倒,拉下,降低
开始,着手
pull in
(车)停下,进站,(船)靠岸
set as ide
留出,把-一搁置在一边,驳回
pull out
拔出,取出,(车)驶出
袭击
使)停下
set back
把(钟表)往回拨,延缓,阻碍
put across /over
解释清楚,说明
set down
卸下,使着陆,记下
储存,保留
set In
到来,开始,缝上
放下,记下,镇压,平定 set off
出发,动身,引起,使发生
put forward
提出
set out
出发,陈列,陈述,企图
put n
驶进
建立,树立
put off
推迟
show in
领入
穿上,上演,增加(体重) show off
炫耀,卖弄
建造,搭起,张贴,提供食宿,提价 show up
曷穿,露出,(口)出席,到场
put up with
容忍,忍受
stand by
支持,站在一边,袖手旁观
run across
跑着穿过,偶然碰见
stand fo
是的缩写,代表,意味着
私奔,失去控制
stand out
清晰地显处,醒目
run away wit
带(某人)私奔,轻易接受(意见)sta
r
维护,支持
take after
(外貌)相像
整理,收拾,天气变清
take back
收回,使回想起- collide with
冲突,碰撞
以为,误认为
conform to
遵守(规则等)
take from
减少,减损,降低 cope with
处理,应付
take in接待,吸收,领会,欺骗,包含,改小(尺寸) cover up
掩盖(错误、非法自之事)
take off把--带往,起飞,脱下,取笑(通过模仿) cross out
取消,删去
take on
雇佣,承担,呈现 cut across/ a along/ through
穿过(某地)
take ov
接管,接受,接任 destined to do sth/ for sth
命定,注定做某事
take to开始从事于,养成-的习惯,沉湎于
die down
逐渐消失,平息
拿起,着手处理,吸收(水分),占据(时间
(习俗等)渐渐消失
turn as ide
避开,偏离,使转变方向
direct at
针对
turn awa
离开,转过脸去,解雇,防止(灾祸) dispose of
处置,处理,舍弃
turn(away) from
对--感到厌恶
double sb
使躬身,使弯腰
turn back
停止前进,折回
dwell on /upon
细想,详述
turn in
拐入,上缴,上床睡觉
留居
turn into
进入,变成,使成为
excuse iron
使免除责任
turn off
关,避开(问题),解雇,生产feed
提供原料
turn on
开,把---指向,对一发怒
fill in(for sb.
临时替换,补缺
turn out
结果是,证明是,制造,生产
flare up
突然发怒,突然烧起来
turn over
使打翻,交给,反复考虑
give sb sth away
出卖,泄漏
turn up
出现,被找到,翘起,来到
give oneself up(to sb.
投案,自首
go along with
相处得--,赞同,同意
2.常考动词固定搭配
care for/ about关心,担心,计较(用于否定或疑问句) go for
适用,喜欢,支持
check upon /u
检查,检验
下沉,失败
check out
办理付账及退房后手续
hang back( from sth.
踌躇,犹豫
head for
向-前进
着重
Impose on
将---强加于某 admission to
许可,准许

knock out
击倒,击晕
application for
申请
et loos
释放,放开
application to
应用到
participate in
参加
arouse sb. 'curiosity about sth.
激起某人的兴趣
ass off
(药效,疼痛等)停止
接近,来临
主持,长官
attach importance to
重视
prey on
捕获,捕食
be in(out of)contact with
与--接触(失去联系)
result in
导致,结果
be out of balance
不平衡
run for
竞选
be friend(s)with
与-保持友好
run out
完,耗尽
be in(out of) harmony with
致(不一致)
see about sth / doing sth.
办完,办理
bear responsibility for
对一负责
set out to do sth
开始做某事
break a promise
违背诺言
smooth over
使(问题)缓解 bring/ put into operatior
实施,使生效
snap at
厉声斥责
bring shame on oneself
给某人带来羞辱
stand up to
经得起考验
bring sth. to sb's notice
使某人注意
介入,干预
bring/call to mind
想起
tick sth out
坚持到底,忍受 bring to a halt
使停止
subject sth /sb.to
使服从,使遭受 bring into action
采取行动
switch on
接通(电流),开(电器) catch one' s breath
talk into
说服
call down/ lay a curse upon sb
诅咒某人
talk over
商量,商讨
cast a shadow over
蒙上阴影
修改,改进
catch at shadows
捕风捉影
引人注目
3.名词固定搭配
absence trom
缺席
catch fire
着火,烧着
catch/get a glimpse of
对--瞥一眼 do/try one's best
尽力,努力
看见
do sb. harm,
伤害某人
e to sb's know ledge
被某人知道
为--贡献自己的力量
e to sb's notice
引起某人的注意
draw aclear distinction between
区分,分清
e to a po
到紧要关头draw/ / reach/e to/ arrive at a conc lusion
得出结论
e/go into effect
实施,生效 drive sb. to despair
使某人绝望
e into a fortune
继承一笔财产
entrance to
--的入
口,进入
e into fashion
开始流行
enjoy privileges
亨有特权
e to a ha
停止
express ones satisfaction at/witl
对-表示满意
bination with
express sympathy for/with sb
对某人表示慰问
mander in chief
总司令
express one's gratitude to sb. for sth为某事尔感谢某人
munic ation with
与--交流,与--通信 fall in love with
爱上
mit a crime
fall into temptat ior
受诱惑
mit/make an error
犯错误
farewell to
与--水别,不会再
e imto possession of s
占有某物
feel sympathy for sb
同情某人
e/go into operation
实行,生效 find fault(with)
找岔,抱怨
e to ones senses
恢复理性,苏醒过来 follow the fashion
赶时髦
e to/ arrive at
做出决定 follow/ tread in sb. s steps
踏着某人的足迹
e to/ arrive at an agreement with与--达成一致gain/ have an advantage over
优于,胜过
reach/make an agreement with
与---达成一致 get mand of
控制
e to sb.'s assistance
帮助某人 get hold of
抓住
plaint about/of
对--抱怨 get into trouble
陷入困境
petition with/ against sb
与某人竞争get/go/ fly into a temper
发脾气
do a threat to
对--有威胁gie/ extend assistance to sb
给某人帮助
do damage to
损害
give a description of
描述
give(accept) a challenge
挑(应)战 have sth. in mind
记的,想
give/show evidence(s)of
有--迹象 have mercy on/upon
同情--,怜悯一
give no evidence of
没有-的迹 hunger for/afer
渴望
give one s regar
向某人致敬 have resort to sb.
求助于某人
give way to
让步,让路 have no reference to
与---无关
go out of fashion
过时,不再流行
have trouble with
与--闹纠纷
go shares
分享,分担 hold the position of(as)
担任-的职务
trant sb. the privilege of doing sth赋予某人做某事的特权 keep an eye on
照看,留意
have access to
有权使用,有权利用kep/ control one's temper
忍住不发脾气
have a talk with sb
与某人交谈 keep one' s balance
保持平衡
ave an influence on/upon
对-有影响keep( break)one' s appointment
守(违)约
have a preference for
偏爱-- keep pany with
与--结交,与一亲热
have a preference of sth. to/over
喜爱某物胜过
keep sb. pany
陪伴某人
have a prejudice against sb
对某人有偏见 keep petition between
在-之间进行竞争
have/run a temperature
发烧
keep(break) faith
忠于(背弃)信仰
have authority over
对一有权利 keep one' s mind on
专注于
have a terror of sth
惧怕某事keep/ bear in mind
记住
have a nodding acquaintance with与某人有点头之交
keep one's head
保持镇定
have confidence in sb
信任某人
keep pace with
与--并驾齐驱
have/make contact with
和--接触keep( carry out) a promise
遵守(履行)诺
have control over/of
控制-
keep in touch with sb
与某人保持联络
have/ hold a conversation with
与--谈话 keep track of
记录,保持与-联系
have the determination to do sth
决心干某事. keep one' s word
守信用
have/ find difficulty/trouble(n) doing sth.做某事有困难 keep to the poin
紧扣主题
have faith in
信任-
lay a claim to
主张,要求,自以为是
lay /put/place emphasis on /upon
着重于,强调 make an exception of
把-作为例外
lead the way
领路,带路 make no exception(s)
不容许有例外
learn by hear
记住,背过 make one' s farewell(s)
告别,道别
leave sth. out of consideration
不考虑某事 make fashion
做做样
lose control of
失去对---的控制 make a fortune
发财
lose one's balance
失去平衡 make friends
交朋友
lose ones head
慌乱,惊慌失措 make inqu iries of sb. about sth.向-某人询问某事
lose heart
失去信心 make preparations against为防止-做准备
lose contact with
与--失去联系 make preparations for
为-—做准备
lose sight of
看不见
提及,谈到
lose one's tempe
发脾气
make up ones mind
下决心
lose faith
失去对--的信任 make a point
立论,证明论点
lose track of
失去一的线索 make a promise
许诺
nake an appeal to sb. for sth.)
向某人呼吁某事
make a reduction
减少
make an appointment with sb
于某人约会 make references to
提到
make an attempt to do sth
企图做某事 make a response to
对一-做出答复
make the acquaintance of sb
结识某人 make satisfaction fo
(make)ments on/upon sth.
评论
make /offer resistance to
抵御,抵抗
make a parison between
把-进行比较 make sense
讲得通,言之有理
make a plaint against
控告
make talk
聊天,闲谈
make/ offer an apology to sb
向某人道歉
让路,腾出地方
make the best of
充分利用 make trouble
找麻烦,闹事
make a decision
决定
make use of
利用
make a difference between
区别对待 obstac le to
是--的障碍
make a difference to
使--产生变化 pay regard to
重视
注意
take advantage of
利用,趁--之机
place an order for sth. with
向--订购某物
take care
注意,当
present a striking contrast between使两者形成明显的对比 take care of
照料,照顾
put/ bring/carry into effect
实行,使起作用
take a chance
冒险,投机
开某人的玩笑
take charge of
接管,管理
play a role in
在-中扮演角色,起作用take(seek) fort in
在--中得到(寻求)安慰
play a trick on sb
作弄某人 take mand of
指挥
play a part(in)
扮演--的角色 take into consideration
考虑
put in/into practice
实施,实行take(a) delight ir
以--为乐
put sb. to shame
羞辱某人 take one's departure
动身,出发
put/place/ lay stress on/upon
把重点放在
take effect
生效,起作用
使用
take one's farewell of sb
某人道别
reaction to
take/give a glance at
对---初略地看一下
recovery from
从--中恢复 throw/ cast light on/upon
使人了解某事
resist temptation
抵制诱惑
take notice of
run/take a risk
冒险
take /make an objection to
反对
set up (remove) a barrier between
take pains
努力,尽力
中设置(拆除)障碍
set up a c laim to sth
对---提出要求
take part in
参加
set/give a good example to sb
给某人树立榜样 take place
发生,进行
创立新式样
take the place of
取代,代替
set fire to
点燃
take possession of
占有,占领
set a trap
设陷阱 take pride in
以--·自豪
substitute for sth
代替物
take the resolution to do sth
决心做某事
take into account
考虑
take the responsibility for(of)负起做某事的责任
take(no) account of
(不)考虑take/ bear one,'s share of
承担自己的一份
take the firm stand
坚定立场
be cons istent with
与--相符
take a stand for(against)sth
赞成(反对)某事 be content with
对一感到满意
take one's temperature
量体温
be contrary to
与一相反
ake one' s time
不着急
be convenient to/ for
对--方便
take turns
依次,轮流
be crazy about/on
对--着迷,热衷于
由于
be crazy for
throw a scare into sb
吓坏某人
be critical of
对--表示谴责,对--感到不满
throw/cast/ put into the shade使逊色,使相形见绌
依赖,依靠
one’ s fortune
碰运气
be distinct form
与一-不同,有区别
yield/ give way to temptation
经不起诱惑
和--不一样
be doubtful about/of
4.形容词固定搭配
be absent from
缺席,不在
be due to
由于,应归于,(按计划)将做
accustomed to
习惯于
be eager for/about/after
be applicable to
适应于,应用于 be economical of
节俭,节约
be ashamed of
对--感到羞愧 be equivalent to
等于,相当于
be aware of
意识到,知道
be essential to/fo
必不可少的,基本的
be benefic ial to
对-有利
be familiar to
为--所熟悉
be blind to
对---视而不见
熟悉
be bound for/to
准备到一—去的,一定
be fit for
胜任---,适合
capable of
有-一能力的,可
be fond of
喜欢
be characteristic of
特有的,表示-特性的 be foreign to
陌生的,与-无关的
be mon to
共同的,共有的 be good at
擅长于
be patible with
适合的,一致的 be generous with/in( doing)
康慨,大方
confide
确信,相信
be grateful to sb. for
对--表示感谢
be conscious of
意识到
be gui lty of
对--感到内疚,犯--的罪
be helpful to
对一有帮助 be resistant to
对一有抵抗力的
be ident ical to/w ith
与--相同 be responsible to sb. for sth
对一-负责
Ignorant
不知道,无知 be ripe for
准备好的,时机成熟的
be independent of
不依靠
be secure from/against
安全的
be indispensable for /to
必需的
be sensitive to
对--敏感的
be inferior to
劣于,(地位等)低于
对-一迟疑,畏缩
be innocent of
清白的,无辜的 be similar to
和-相似
be jealous of
妒嫉--,注意提防的
be skillful at /in
善于,精于
en on
喜爱,着迷于
be strict with
对--严格要求
be liable to
易于-,应受(处罚)的 be subject to
易受-的,受--的支配
be liab le for
有责任
be sufficient for
充足的,满足
be loyal t
寸忠诚的 be suitable for/to
适合--的
e ma
和某人结婚 be superior to
优于,比-好
陌生的,不熟悉 be suspicious of
怀疑,猜疑
be opposite to
对立的,相反的 be thirsty for
渴望一-
be preferable to
更好的,更可取得
be tired of
厌烦,厌倦
be prior t
be typical of
典型的,具有代表性的
proportional to
与-成比例
be uncertain of/about/as to
P
对-感到骄傲 be worthy of
值得
qualified for
胜任,具有-—的资格
be qualified in
胜任,适合
介词固定搭配
above al
有其实,最重要的是
be ready for
为--做好准备
毕竞,终究
be relative to
和--有关系的
evant
与-有关
ahead of time
提前
e representative of
代表
all at once
突然,同时,一起
at best
充其量,最多
all but
除了--都,几乎 at first
起先,最初
all of a sudden
突然
at first sight
乍一看,第一次看到
all over
到处,遍及 at hand
在手边,在附近,即将到来
all over again
重新,再一次 at heart
在内心里,本质上
all right
好,安然无恙
在家,在国内,自在
all the same
依然,照样
不时,在(时间,距离上)以-一的间隔
lI the time
一直,始终 at large
详尽的,普遍的
and so on/ forth
等等,诸如此类
at last
最后,终于
anything but
除--以外的任何事
至少,无论如何
apart from
除--以外(别无) at length
最后,终于,详细地
as a matter of fact
事实上
at most
最多,不超过
as a resu
结果,因此 at no time
决不,从不
s a result of
由于,作为--的结果 at once
立刻,马上
as a rule
照例,通常 at one time
曾经,一度,同时
关于,至于 at present
目前,现在
as regards
关于,有关 at sb's disposal
由某人支配,供某人使用
as usual
像往常一样,照例 at the cost of
以--为代价
叶,又,同样
同时,然而,不过
除--以外(尚无) at this rate
照此速度
at a los
困惑,不追所措,亏本地 at times
有时,间或
at a tim
次,每次 back and forth
来回,反复
at all costs
不惜一切代价,无论如何 because of
由于,因为
at all times
无论何时,一直
re lo
不久(以后)
at any rate
无论如何,至少 beside the point
离题,不相干
beyond question
毫无疑问 in accordance with
依据,与--一致
by accide
偶然
in add it ion
此外
通过航空途径
in add it ion to
除-以外
by all means
务必,尽一切办法
in advance
预先,提前
by chance
意外地,碰巧
In any casc
在任何情况下,无论如何
的多,最
In bric
以简洁的方式,简言之
用手,手工的 in case of
如果发生,以防
独自的,单独的 in charge c
负责,主管
依靠,借助于 In mon
共有的,共同的
错误地,无意中做了错事 In consequence
结果,因此
no mean
决不,并没有 in consequence of
由于--的缘故
ones
独自的,单独的 in debt
欠债
by reason of
由于,因为 in detail
详细地
by the
顺便地
in difficu Ity
陷入困境
经过,以---样的方式 in effect
实际上,事实上
永久地
实际上,其实
or the better
好转,向好的方向发展 in favor of
赞同,支持,有利于
for the sake of
为了,为了--的利益 in front of
在-前面
for the time being
暂时,眼下 in future= from now on
今后,从今以后
from time to time
有时,不时 in general
总的来说,大体上
In a hurry
匆忙,急于 in half
分成两半
In a moment
立刻,马上 in hand
(工作)在进行中,待办理
in a sense
从某种意义上说 in honor of
为纪念,为庆祝
In a/one way
在某种程度上 in itself
本质上,就本身而言
in a/ one word
总之,简而言之
in line
成一排,成一直线,有持续
in line with

in tears
流着泪,哭泣
in memory of
为了纪念
in the course of
在一-过程中,在-期间
In no case
决不,无论如何不
最后,终于
In no time
立刻,马上 in the event of
万一,如果发生
In no way
状态良好,正气,有秩序n(he) face of
面对,在--前面
in order to
为了,以-.为日的 in the first place
首先,本来
换言之
in the future
将来
In part
在某种程度上,部分地in( the)least
in particular
特别,尤其 in the light of
鉴于,根据,由于
亲自,本人
挡道,妨碍人的
in place
在合适的位置,适当地 n time
及时,最后
in place of
代替,取代i/ within touch
联系
附近
In practice
在实践中,实际上
In touch with
与一-有联系
In proportion to
与--成比例 In turn
依次,轮流,反过来
公开地,当众
In vain
徒劳地
in quantity= in large quantit ies
大量
代替,而不是
In question
正在被谈论,被争论 more or less
或多或少
in/with relation to
涉及,关于 no doubt
无疑
in return
作为回报或报答
不再
in return for
作为--的交换
no more
不再,不再存在
in short
总之,简言之
now and then
不时,偶尔
in within sight of
看得见,在视野范围内 off and on/ on and off
有时,断断续续地
f
不管,不顾 on a large scale
大规模地
In step
合拍,步调一致 on a small scale
小规模地
in step with
与-合步调,与-—致 on account of
由于,因为
on(an/the)average
平均,通常 on the whole
总的来看,大体上
on behalf of
代表
on time
准时,按时
on boa
在(船、飞机)上 once again
再一次
on business
因公,因事once(and) for al
劳永逸,永远地
on condition that
在--条件下,如果 once in a while
偶尔,间或
on duty
值班
once more/again
on earth
究竞,到底 out of breath
上气不接下气
着火,起火 out of control
失去控制
on fo
徒步,步行 out of date
过时的,废弃的
值班,站岗
户外的
on hand
在手头,现有,在场 out of order
不正齐,出故障的
on occasion(s)
有时,间或 out of place
不在合适的位置,不恰当的
one s gu
警惕,提防 out of practice
久不练习,荒疏
on one s own
独自地,独立地
看不见,在视野之外
on purpose
有意,故意地 out of the question
不可能,办不到的
出售,廉价出售 out of touch(with)
与-无联系
on schedule
按时间表,准时 over and over( again)
反复,再
on second thoughts
继而一想,进一步考虑后 so as to
为的是,以致于
相反
如此-以致于
on the ground(s)of
根据,以-为理由
So far
迄今为止
on(the)one hand
方面
solas far as-- be concerned
而言
on the other hand
另一方面
sooner or later
迟早
即将--之时,正要--的时候 to the point
切题,切中要害
在途中
被控制住
on the spot
在现场,当场 under/ in the circumstances
在这种情况下
under way
在进行中
亳无疑问
up to date
时新的,现代化的
逐字地,一字不变地
with/in regard to
关于,至于
关于,至于
with the exception of
除--以外
第四部分英语构词知识集锦
常用前缀系统归类
序号前缀
位置
意义
例词
ithout否定
ical不关心政治的;
anonymous匿名的,无名的,不知名的
abnormal非常的; absorption吸收
在“t”“v” avoid避免
abstain弃权,戒; abstract摘要
ambI-
both两
ambiguous有两个意义的,曖昧的; amphitheater
around周围
园形剧场
ambidextrous左右手都善用的: amphibian两栖的
agaimst, opposite antarctic南极(的);and. friction减少摩擦的
抗” anti-Japanese war抗日战争; antimissile反导弹的
antisocial反社会的; antimagnetic防磁的
antiseptIc防腐剂; antifreezing liquid抗冻剂
ante-
before在……之前ante-room前厅; ante-Christian基督降生前;
antecedent先行的,先时的
anto-
ef自动
automate使自动化; autonomy自治。自治权
autoignite自燃; autostable自动稳定; automobile
汽车;
automatic自动的;auto- biography自传; autoignition
自动点火
首领
archbishop大主教; architect建筑师
archbishopric大主教的职位(或管区); architecture
建筑学
to make intensive
belittle使缩小,贬低; befriend友好相待,帮助
使……加强
benefit利益; benevo lenee慷慨
beneficent慈善的; benefactor恩人
bimetallic双金属的; bimotor双发动机
biweekly双周(刊); biyearly两年一次的
12 centi-
百,百分之
centimetre厘米(百分之一米); omtilitre厘升(百分之
升)
centipede蜈蚣(百脚虫)
在这一边
cisatlantic大西洋西岸(欧洲); cispontime泰晤士桥


coexist共存; cooperate合作
wih共同
co- auther合著者; cooperation协作
15 col-
collect收集; collaborate协作;
memorate纪念; conference会议
te相关
le编辑
cor-
corruption腐败; correlation相互关系; ment评
16
against. Opposite
counteraction反作用; contrast对比,对照;
contra
反,对应
counteract抵抗; counterattack反攻
art对手,副本
contra. missile反导弹导弹; counter lcckw ise逆
时针的
away, down, negative dec
con
分解; depression诫压
de使
离开,分,否定,使低
demobilize复员; degenerate堕落的;
decay衰败; debase贬低; decolour漂白
18 deci
dec imal十进位的; decagramme十克
decade十年,十个合成一组

demigod半神半人
20
[dxd氧化物:dd二级管; diphthong双元音
通过,借以,分离 diagraph绘图仪; diagnos is诊断
加在名、形、不
disadvantage不利,不利条件; disagree,不同意
动词前
加在动词前不再
disappear消失: disarm解除武装: disconnect分离
24 di
否定,分
distrust不信任.怀疑;
disassemble拆开: divest脱衣,剥夺
differentiate区分

dyspepsia消化不良; dysentery痢疾
26
异常的
eclipse(天体)食; ecstasy狂想
eccentric(人、行为)古怪的;行为古怪的人
to, to make
enlarge扩大; enable使……能; embed埋置,嵌进:
使……,使人
empower使……能; encage关人笼中; embrace拥

endear受喜爱; embody收录,体现; encamp使宿

good,wel优,善 eugenIcs优生学; eulogize赞美; eulogy赞美
euphony悦耳; eupeptIc消化良好的
29
前任的
ex- president前总统;ex- premier前总理
out,away外
external外部的;emit发射;发表(意见);发行
extra-
outs ide, outward
extranuc lear核外的; extrasolar太阳系以外的
在……外,向外
extraordinary非常的; extra. territorial治外法权
extra. European欧洲以外的
32
before前.预先
foremost最前的; forecast预测
forefather前人,祖先; forehead前额; foretell言
foreground前景; foresee预见

hemicycle半圆形建筑
34 hepta
heptad七人集团; heptagon七角形
hetero-
other不同的
heteropolar异极的; heteroatom异质原
ame同等
homogeneous均匀的; homopolar同极的
homosexual同性恋的; homograph同形异义字
homogeneous同类的,同族的; homocentric同中心

7 hydr-

hydrogen氢; hydroelectric水电的
38 hy
over, above在上,超 hyperfrequency超高频
hypersonic超声的; hyperphysics超物质的
39
under下、低、次、少 hypotension低血压; hyposensitize减弱……的敏感
hyp

hypogastric下腹的; hypodermic皮下的
40i
加在以
“1”

lgal不合法的
开头的词前
illiterate文盲; illeg it imate非法的
41
加在字母m,not,in,into否定,加 impracticable行不通的; Import入口; impossible
之前强或引申意义
不可能的
inv isib le不可见的; intake纳入; irrational不合理
Irruption侵入,闯入
te不准确的
Incorrect不正确的; infamous声名狼籍的
nac curate不准确的; imbalance不平衡; impolite
不客气的
able不可移动的
irresistable不可抗拒的; irresponsible不负责任的
beow在…之下
infra-red红外线; infrahuman低于人类的,类人猿
infra- structure基础建设
43 inter-
between:; among; one interpersonal人与人之间的,人际关系
with or on anotherinternal内部政的,国内的; interchange交换
在……中,在…间:; inter lock连
锁; international国际的
互相
interconnect使互相联系
intra
Inside在内;内部
intracardiac心脏内部的; intramolecular分子内部

intracellu lor细胞内部的; intrapersonal个人内心的
duce介绍; Introspect反省
46 ki

Kilowatt干瓦; kilometer千米; kilogram(me)公斤
macro-
macrobian长寿的(人);, rnacroworld宏观世界;
macroclimate大气候
mal-
bad, badly恶,不良 maltreat虐待; malfunction机能失常
malcontent不满的: malnutrition营养不良;
maladminister对……管理不善
49
和,在……之后
Metaphor隐喻: metaphrase逐字硬译;
变化,变位
metaphysics形而上学
50
Micro
smal微
micrometer测微计,微测计; microw ave微波
microscope显微镜; microbus微型公共汽车
microfilm缩微胶卷; micro- switch微型开关
51 mid
riddle中,中间
midair半空中; midstream中流
mIn
smal, little小
min skirt超短裙; minibus小公共汽车
miniature小画像,小型的
53
bad, badly错,坏
mistake错
54 mono-
one单
monomotor单发动机; monowheel单轮
many多
Mult i-coloured颜色多样的,五彩的;
Multi-national多民族的; multiform多种形式的
multilateral多边的; mult pole多极
mill
千,千分之
millen ial年的; milligram毫克
7
new
neorealism新现实主义; neolith ic新石器时代的
neotropical新热带区的;neo- colon alism新殖民主

neoc lassic(a)新古典主义; neoimpressionism新印象
主义
not否定
nonmetal非金属;non- ferrous非铁的
nonvio lent非暴力的; nonprofessional无职业的

nonagon九角形; ennead九个一组
ennea-
60 octa.

octagon八角形; October十月
oct-
octad八个一组,八价元素: octopus章鱼
octo-
omnI-
所有的,公共的,总 omnibus公共汽车; omnipotent万能的
omnis ient无所不知的
62 ortho-
正确,直
orthogonal直角的; orthodox正统
orthograph正投影图
正音
out超过,过度,外, outlive比……长寿; outdo胜过
除去
outsized过大的; outwear穿坏
over
o muc
overwork工作过度; oversleep睡过:
上,过度
overbridge天桥; overload超载
Pan- American泛美的; panacea万灵药,万金油
panorama万花筒; panchromatic全色的
66 panto
全,所有
pantopragmatic样样都要插手的:
pantoscopic视野开阔
para
防,用降落伞
parachute降落伞; parasol阳伞; paratroop伞兵
68
儿乎,相近
peninsular半岛; peneplain近似平原
69 penta
pentagon五角大楼; pentagram五角星形
pentameter五步诗句
oper
通过,彻底,完全 perambulate走来走去; perfect完美; perforate穿孔
挚爱
philanthropist慈善家: philospher哲学家
philanthropy慈善,著心; philomath爱学问的人
poly
polygon多
poly atomic多
polyphase多相的; polyunc lear多核的
after之后
postwar战后; postgraduate研究生
post- liberat ion解放后
before之前
prehistory史前: prerequisite先决条件
elude序言前奏曲; pre-election大选前;Prefⅸx前

programme节目单; prologue序言,序幕; prophet
预言家
proto
protohydrogen初氢; prototype原型
plasm原生质
ast原物,原型
false假
pseudoscience伪科学; pseudonym笔名,假名
endomorph假象; pseudo- munism假共产主

pseudo- democratic假民主的
78 quadri-
quadruple四倍的; quadrangle四边形
quadricentennial四百周年纪念

quinta- fever五日回归热
quinquI-
quintessence精华(古代所谓组成天体的“第五元
素”)
back, again回,再 reheat再加热; regrind重磨; refuel重新加油
relive再生,复活; recons ider重新考虑
retro
back往后的
retrograde倒退的; retrospect回顾
82
分离
separation分离; secure安全; segregation隔离,分
sen
haf半
semiautomatic半自动的; semimec hanized半机械化

September九月(古罗马的七月); septennial t年
度的
sex
sexangle六角; sexennial六年一度的;
sexl-
sexcentenary六周年纪念
under次,亚,低于, substandard低于标准规格的; succeed继承;sufⅸ
不足
后缀
suggest提出建议; supplement增补;
surreptitious鬼鬼祟祟的,秘密的; subeditor副主编
subconscious下意识的; submarine潜水艇
suI
subcontinent次大陆
super-
over, above超,在上 superheat过热; surface表面
supra
surpass超越; supramolecular超分子的
SuI
sym-
with, together共同 symmetrIc对称的; syllable音节; system系统
synchronous同步的; synonym同义词
yl-
合成
物的 cyclotron同步,回旋,加速器; synthetic
终端
telep inter电传打字机
lescope望远镜; teles itch摇控开关
thermo-
heat热
Thermometer温度计; thermodynamics热力学
transmit传送; tradition惯例
转換,横过,越过 transc tanIc横渡大洋的; transnormal超出常规的
transplant移植; transparent透明的
thre
triangle三角形; tripod三角架; trient ial每三年一
次的
triple三倍的; tricar三轮车; triode三极管
beyond超过
tra- short极短的; ultraviolet紫外线的
un-
加在形、副、not否定
unpredictable无法预言的; unknown未知的
名词前
95 under
beneath低于,次于,「 underdone半生不熟的; underpay付帐不
下内(衣服)
undersea在海底; underline在……划线
Underwear内衣: underpants内裤
underestimate估计过低; underground地下的
undergrown发育不全的; underweight不足重量的
uniform均匀的; unipolar单极的; unicellular单细
胞的
uniax ial单轴的; unilateralis单边主义
2.常用后缀系统归类
序号后缀位置
意义
例词
1-able加在动词后(ad) capable of, suitable noticeable值得注意的; portable可携带的:
for能(为)……的,适 avoidable可避免的; possible可能的
age加在动词后(n.) state
uality, act passage通道; breakage破损; shortage缺乏
表状态,性质,行为 courage勇气; shrinkage收缩; percentage百分比
3-al加在名词后(adj.) related to; like functional起作用的; natural自然的; editoria I编辑的
具有……性质的, educational教育上的; add itiona另外的; national民族的
al加在动词后(n.act; one who; that proposal提案; professiona专业人员; signal信号
which表动作,人,事 approval同意; refusal拒绝; arrival到达; rehearsal彩排
物a于的
an加在地名上(adj.)like, re lated关 suburban郊区的; Canad ian加拿大的; European欧
的,有……性质洲的; African非洲的
ean
-an
加在形容词(n.) one who人
Asian亚洲人; electrician电工; physician医生
7-ance加在形容词(n.)ste, quality, act Importance重要性; confidence自信心;
表状态,性质,行为 independence独立; appearance外貌; existence存在
aney加在形容词(n.) state, quality, act consistency贯性; frequency频率; urgency紧迫性
表状态.性质,行为
ant加在动词后(n.) one who. that which applicant申请人; correspondent通信者; resistant抵
表人,物,行为
抗者; servant仆人; regent(美州立大学)评议员
defendant被告
0-ar加在名词后(adj.)多用于技术词汇 annular环状的; linear线形的; nuclear核子的; cellular
细胞的; familiar熟悉的; columnar圆柱状的
l1-ard加在形容词(n.) person having the drunkard酒鬼; coward懦夫
specified quality指人
带轻蔑意味
12 arian加在名词后(n. )variously denoting humanitar ian人道主义者:
age, sec tion, social octogenarian八十至八十九岁的人
belief or occupation表 humanitarian人道主义的;
各种年龄,派别,社会 octogenarian八十至九十岁的
信仰,职业的人
(adj. hav ing the quality
of有……性质的(带此
后缀的名词往往兼作
形容词)
13ate加在动词后(adj. ) ing the quality fortunate幸运的; considerate考虑周到的
of有……(性质)的
passionate热情的; contribute贡献
14crat加在名词后(n.) a person connected democrat民主人士; bureaucrat官僚
with支持、参与者
15cy加在形容词(n) state状态,性质 accuracy准确性; policy政策: bureaucracy官僚主义;
后加后加
infancy婴儿期; bankruptcy破产; diplomacy外交
16-dom加在形容词(n.) state, quality, act freedom自由; wisdom智慧
表性质,状态,行为 chiefdom首领地位; kingdom王国
d加在名词后(adj) adjective form of winged有翼的; pleased喻快的; armed武装的
nouns and verbs(加在动aged上了年纪的; cultured有教养的:
词或名词后构成) talented有才能的; spectacled戴眼镜的
有……的
18ce加在动词后(m) one who( passIve)表 addressee收件人; employee雇员; examinee应试人
示动作的承受者
refugee难民; abandonee受领被遗弃财物者
19er加在名词后(年.) one who从事…… pioneer开拓者; volunteer志愿者; auctioneer拍卖商
的人
工程师: profiteer投机商
rocketeer火箭专家; electioneer竞选的人
20-cn加在形容词()make使变成… harden使硬; lengthen使变长; weaken使变弱
前或后
broaden加宽; thicken加厚; fasten绑紧; enlarge扩
21-en加在名词后(ad. having the quality woolen毛的; golden金色的
性质的, rotten腐败的; wooden木制
似……的
加在动词后
mn.) one who, that w hich manufacturer制造人; best-seller畅销货
(-or)加在地名后表人,物,该地区的人 survivor幸存音; adapter改编者
23er加在动词后反复动词,拟声动词 Londoner伦敦人: New Yorker纽约人
snicker吃吃地笑; whisper窃窃私语
24rn加在名词后表示方向
eastern东方的; southern南方的
westen西方的; norther北方的
25ery加在名词、动(n.) state, quality,act, slavery奴隶制; bravery-勇敢; refinery提炼厂
词、形容词后 place of activity表状
态,性质,行为,活动
地点
26ese加在地名上(ad.&n.)lke, re lated to Chinese中国人.汉语; Portuguese葡萄牙人,葡萄
某国(地)的;某国(地)牙语; Japanese日本人;Ⅴ vietnamese越南
的人及语言
27ess加在动词后(n.) feminine表女性, hostess l主人; manageress女经理; actress女演员
雌性
28-ctte加在名词后(n.)表示假的,人造的 cigarette香烟: flanne lette棉法兰绒:
代用品
leatherette人造革; kitchenette小厨房
29-fold加在数词后(mn.)表示倍数
twofold二倍的; manifold许多倍的; thousand fold
千倍的
-ful加在名词后(ady.) having the quality fruitful有成果的; doubtful有怀疑的
of充满
的,具 cheerful高兴的; peaceful和平的; wonderful好极了
有……性质的
31fu加在容器后(ad.)表示某容器的容 handful少量; spoonful一茶匙的量; glassful一玻璃
杯的量
32gram加在名词后(n,)构成图“画”“字” diagran图表; program大纲,节目单; telegram电
等含义
33 graph加在动词后(n.)用于写或记录的仪 calculagraph计时器; micrograph微写器

seismograph地震仪; choreograph位置测定器
34-hood加在名词后(n.) state, quality表身 neighborhood邻里; livelihood生计; manhood男子
份,状况,性质
气概; fatherhood父亲的身份; falsehood谬误
加在形容词(n.) disease, state, pneumonIa肺炎; med ia媒介;nii民兵
quality疾病,集合,抽
象名词
36-in加在地名后(m.)指大陆,国家,人Mile.an非洲人; American美国人; Australian澳大
利亚人
37c加在名词后(d.)ike, related to heroic英雄般的; metallic金属的
381gan加在形容词(.)指熟悉……的人 electrician电学美 croscopic显微镜的
类似的,具有……的 logical合逻辑的;m
log ic ian逻辑学家; mathemat ic ian数学家
39cs加在名词后(n.)表示一门学科 acoustics声学; aerobatics技巧飞行术
economIcs经济学; electrostatics静电学
40id加在动词后(ad) state性质
acid酸的;arid干燥的;
ford绚烂的; horrid可怕的; acrid刻薄的
加在名词、形(v.) cause to bee使 magnify放大; simplify简化; purify提纯:
容词

使……化
42
加在动词后(n.) indicat ing material pip in管道系统; wiring pile ctrify
431-mg加在名词后(a)构成现在分词作 agonIzing令人痛苦的, appetizing开胃的
fasc inating迷人的; exciting使人兴奋的
44-i0n加在动词后(n.) )state, quality, act fashion时髦; decis ion决定; addition增加; domin ion
表情况,状态,性质,统治权; description描写
行为
45sh①加在国家名称之(m,)表该国的或该国人 Swedish瑞典的,瑞典人; Irish爱尔兰的,爱尔兰人
46-ih②加在普通名(ad)表具有……性质 child ish孩子气的;(ish傻里傻气的; selfish自私
或含有轻蔑的意思
自利的
47-ish③加在表颜色(adi,)表略带颜色的 greenish浅绿色的; yellow ish淡黄色的
的形容词后
48-ish④
(v,.)从法文借来的 abolish废除. bland ish讨好
cherish爱护; perish毁灭
49-im加在名词或(n.) state,4Jlh够,act; criticism批评; formalism形式主义;
动词之后
doe. trine, system表行 Impressionism印象主义; capita lism资本主义
为,状态,制度,社会
信仰,学说
0-ist加在名词后(n.) member of a party, soc ialist社会主义者; dramatist剧作家
occupation,etc.从 dentist牙科医生; botanist植物学家
事……工作的人
51-ite加在动词后(adi, )related to, hav ing definite一定的; opposite相对的; favor ite特别喜欢
the quality of具有
性质的
52tis加在名词后表示炎症
bronc hits支气管炎; arthr itis关节炎; appendicitis
阑尾炎
53-iy加在形容词(n.) state. quality, act unity团结
maturity成熟性

表行为,性质,状态 conductivity传导性; vis ibility能见度
54ve加在名词后(ad.) tending to, having relative有关系的; active积极主动的
米y0表倾向, productive生产的
the
55-ize加在形容词(v. cause to be of have realize实现; mechanize机械化:
以……方式对待;…… analyse, analyze分析;

Amer ic anize美国化; popu larize推广
6less加在名词后( adj. )without没有…… fearless无畏的; boundless无边的;
seless无用的; homeless无家可归的
groundless站不住脚的; fruitless没有成效的
57-lt加在名词后(n.)smal, unimportant booklet小册子; leaflet嫩叶,传单

cutlet肉片; kinglet小国王: streamlet小溪
58lke加在名词后( adj. having the quality warlike好战的; dreamlike梦一般的; human like象
of有……性质的,人类的
59-ing加在形、名词(ad小(带轻蔑的意思) lordling傀儡王; weakling窝囊废:
idling弃儿
60-logy加在名词后(n.) discourse. study biology生物学; ideology思想(体系)
论,研究
technology技术; archaeology.考古学
etymology词源学; geology地质学
ly①加在名词后( adi. having the quality manly男子气的; lovely可爱的;cost!y昂贵的
of如……的.有……特
性的
62-1y②加在形容词(ahv.) in the manner hurriedly匆忙地; purposely有目的地
of…地(状态.程度, seemingly表面地; immediately立即; partly部分地
性质,方式)
63ment加在动词后(n.) stale, quality, act enjoyment欣赏; management管理: Instrument工具

状态,性质
l)kent蜈乐
仪器
speedometer测违仪
65-ness加在形容词(n.) state, quality表状 consc iousness觉悟; darkness黑暗: busyness忙碌:

态、性质
kindness仁慈; progressiveness进步
66-nomy加在形容词(n.)表示一门学科 astronomy天文学; economy经济
taxonomy分类学; autonomy自冶权
670r加在动词后(n.)指人或物
accelerator加速器;ator演员
collector收臧家; accumulator存储器; acmodator
替工
加在名词后(ad.) having the quality advantageous有利的; famous著名的; varIous各种
cous
of富有……的
各样的
continuous持续的; courageous英勇的
69 proof加在名词后(ad.)防……的,耐
waterproof防水的; boomproof防弹的; soundproof

隔音的
burglar- proof防盗的
jp加在名词后(m
quality表状 partnership伙伴关系; sportmanshi运动员道德;
性质
leadership领导; citizenship公民身份
championship冠军头衔
some加在形容(ad.) having the quality troublesome讨厌的; lonesome寂寞的
词、名词、of象……的,引起
loathsome讨厌的; fulsome讨厌的
有……倾向的
ter加在形容词(n.) a person making or youngster年轻人; gangster歹徒; trickster骗子
doing something,a
member of做……的
人,与……有关系的人
加在形容(n.)第……,性质 birth出生; depth深度; growth生长; breadth宽度
词、动词
truth真理;sⅸxth第六
数词后
加在名词、(n.)表示集体、地点 fishery渔业; carpentry木匠业:
ery形容词、动
bravery勇敢; bakery面包坊
词之后
加在形容词(n.)表示特性或情况 bounty慷慨; loyalty忠实; certainty肯定; plenty丰
76ure加在动词后表示行为及其结果 departure离开; exposure曝光; expenditure支出;
picture画像,相片; disclosure透露; fixture混合物,
混合
ward加在名词、(adhv.) ow ard表方向 upward(s)向上; outw ard(s)向外;
wards介词后
seaward(s)向大海; end ays末端而上的
backwards往后退地; length ays纵长的
78wise加在名词后adh.&dgi.) )in the clock-wise顺时针; crosswise成十字形;
逐步的,分段的
纵长的
concerned表方
向,位置
①加在形容词(n.) state, quality, act entry进A; difficulty困难; vIctory胜利
表状态,性质,行为
加在称呼、(n,)小,昵称
doggy小狗儿 daddy爸爸
形容词后
81y③加在名词后(ad.)flof, covered hairy多毛发的;iony铁似的
of充满,包含
第五部分考研英语阅读背景词汇集锦
ortable便携式计算机
shooper窥探者
Unil科普类
softw are package软件包
access time存取时间
solar collector太阳能收集器
antI-v irus programs杀毒软件
terminal终端设备
assembler汇编程序
video camera摄像机
bar code条形码
videod isc影碟
beeper传呼机
workstation计算机工作站
buffer storage缓冲存储器
XeroX静电复印
call instruction呼叫指令
Y2kbug千年虫
cellular手机
zip-code邮政编码
sat通讯卫星
Uni2经济管理类
cordless telephone无绳电话
active trade balance贸易顺差
cursor光标
adverse trade balance贸易逆差
cyber crimes网上犯罪
appropriate拨款
cyberspace电脑空间,网络世界
auditor审计员。查帐员
desktop台式计算机
balance sheet资产负债表
digital televis ion数字电视
bargain减价出售的商品,便宜货
electronic control电子控制
hoard of directors董事会
electronic hearing aid电子助听器
bond债券
encryption加密
bottom line盈亏表
fast- forward(放录像带等时的快进)
brisk(生意)兴隆
bubble economy泡沫经济
fiber optic technology光纤技术
budget预算
firewal防火墙
bus iness restructuring商业重组
flat panel display平板显示技术
capital资本
floppy disk软盘
cargo manifest货物清单
genetic engineer ing基因工程
modities fair商品展销会
hacker黑客
confiscate没收
dent ifier标识符
corporation公司,股份有限公司
intelligent system智能系统
offer还价
Intranet内联网
creditor债权人
IT-industry信息产业
customs海关
jumbotron(电视机的)超大屏幕
dealer商人,贩子,证券经纪人
know-how(技术)诀窍
deficit赤字,亏空
laser激光
deflationary policy紧缩银根政策
long- distance educational system远程教育系统
demands and supplies供需
depreciation贬值
Icroprocessor微处理机
depression经济萧条期
uniputer小型计算机
divided红利.股利
moden调制解调器
domestic market国内市场
mult imed ia多媒体
mult imed ia learning system多媒体学习系统
economic fluctuation经济波动
turfed网虫
economic recovery经济复苏
on- Ine service网上服务
economic stability经济稳定
palmtop(:PDA掌上电脑
economIc strategy经济战略
password. PIN(: personal ident ification number)hL
economist经济学家
enterprise in the red亏损企业
productivity生产率
entrepreneur企业家,中间商
productivity revolution生产力革命
executive director常务董事
export. oriented economy外向型经济
profitable赢利的
promotion促销
fake and poor quality modities假冒伪劣产品
property tax财产税
public funding公共基金
fierce petition激烈的竞争
recession衰退
fluctuation波动
reckoning结账
GDP国内生产总值
retail零售
GNP( gross national product)国民生产总值
revenue财政收入,税收
security证券
head office总部
self- faised funds自筹资金
human resources人力资源
slack不景气
ine tax所得税
smug走私
inflation通货膨胀
social security社会保障(制度)
installment分期付款
soft investment environment投资软环境
Interest rate利率
Investment投资,投资额
speculation投机倒把
Invoice发票
staff members职员
labor and management劳资双方
stagnant(经济)停滞,不发展
labor force劳动力
stamp duty印花税
large scale development of West China大规模妁西部开发 statistical统计的
stock现货,股票。公债
lewy征(税)
stockbroker股票,证券经纪人
lim ited liability pany有限责任公司
stock holder股东;股票持有人
strategIc战略的
macroeconomIcs宏观经济学
lus赢余
market-oriented economy市场经济
tariff(进口)关税
tax break税额优惠
market research市场调研
taxpayer纳税人
merger合并公司
telleri(= cashier)出纳员
monetary货币的
trade、^rind贸易风
monopoly垄断
transaction交易;买卖
mortgage抵押,抵押货款
trust信托
nost- favored nation treatment最惠国待遇
wholesale批发
Un3政治与法律类
multinational多国经营的,跨国经营的
accusation控告
acquit宣判无罪
mult inational corporations跨国公司
amend修正
amnesty特赦
negotiation谈判;洽谈
appeal上诉
patent system专利制度
apprehend拘押,逮捕
patron老主顾
arbitration仲裁,调停
planned economy计划经济
armed conflicts武装冲突
potential market市场潜力
attorney律师
price hike物价上涨
authorize授权
principal本金
autonomous自治的
P
私人企业
bilateral talks双边会淡
Private property私人财产
civil law民法
code法规,法典
reconciliation和解
confinement关押,禁闭
repatriate遣返
congressman国会议员
Representative众议院议员
conspiracy阴谋
ruling(法官等)裁定
constitution宪法
secretary部长
consul领事
senate参议院
convict宣判有罪
senator参议员
t法院
y主权
court of appeal中级法院
statute成文法
custody拘留
stipulation条文,规定
criminal law刑法
subpoena传票
decree法令
su起诉
defendant被
suitor(刑事)原告
defender辫护人
summit meeting首脑会议峰会
defuse缓合,平息
terrorist attack恐怖袭击
despot独裁者
terrorist organizat ions恐怖组织
disarmament解除武装
The Capitol国会大厦
enforce实施,使生效
the House of Representative下议院
established international practice国际惯例
The Pentagon国防大楼
federal government联邦政府
the Senate上议院
hierarchy等级制度
undersecretary次长
humanitar ian aid人道主义援助
usurpation篡夺
illic it非法的
verdict(陪审团)裁定
mity赔偿
lat ion违犯
Institution制度
Un4医学与健康类
intellectual property.rght知识产权
borton人工流产
acupuncture针刺医疗法
Interim government过渡政府
annes la(医)记忆缺失,遗忘(症)
joint declaration联合声明
natomical解剖学的;解剖的
judicial Fi法的
anesthetic麻醉剂
judiciary司法部
anti- aging抗衰老
jury陪审团
antib iot ic抗生素
lawsuit诉讼
antibody抗体
legal liability法律义务
antidote解毒药
g islation立法
antitumor drug抗肿瘤药;抗癌药
legislative立法的
antiv iral抗病毒药
legislature立法机构
arthritis关节炎
legit imate合法的
asthma气喘,哮喘
litigant诉讼当事人
asylum精神病院
lit igat ion诉讼
bacteria缅菌
munic ipal市政的
biomedical生物医学的
offense犯罪
carcinogen致癌物
arliament议会
cell membrane细胞膜
pending未决的
cellular细胞的,由细胞组成的
petition请愿
ellulose纤维素
plaintiff(民事)原告
Centers for Disease control疾病控制中心
plead申诉,辩护
probation缓刑.察看
cholera霍乱
public prosecutor检查官
cholesterol胆固醇
chromosome染色体
obesity过度肥胖,肥大
clinical临床的
ointment药膏
clone无性繁殖系,克隆
organ transplanting器官移植
a昏厥
paralysis瘫痪
contagion接触传染
physician内科医生
ea角膜
plague鼠疫。瘟疫
dehydrate(使)脱水
potency药力
diagnose诊断
prescription药方,处方(的药)
diarrhea泻肚
preventive预防性的
psychiatrist精神病医生
epidem ic流行病
rehabilitat ion康复,恢复
euthanasia安乐死
y
cretion排泄,排泄物
remova切除
gene mutation(基因)突变
rheumatoid风湿的;类风湿(性)的
gene pool基因库
sedative镇静剂
基因工程
elf- medication自我药疗
genomIc染色体的
stroke中风
glucose葡萄糖
suspected case疑似病例
healthy Diet Pyramid呈金字塔状的健康饮食
surgery外科手术
症状
heart attack心力衰竭,心脏病发作
syndrome综合病症
ant影响,腐化,使感染
heterosexual异性恋的
TCM( traditional Ch inese medicine)中医
HIV- positive艾滋病测试阳性
homosexual同性恋的
therapy治疗,疗法
hormone激素
toxicologist毒物学家;毒理学家
hygiene卫生,卫生学
vaccine疫苗
hypertension高血压
vein静脉
hypnosis催眠术
I veterinary疾病的,兽医的
lCU( ntensive Care Un it)重症监护室
I water soluble vitam ins水溶性维生素
Immunize获得免疫力
Un5生态类
incidence发病率
ac id rain酸雨
inflammation炎症
afforestation植树造林
inoculation接种,预防注射
algae梅藻
Insane精神病患者的,精袢病的
amphibian两栖类的,两栖动物
re生态平衡
latency period潜伏期
bio- diversity生物多样性
leukem ia白血病
biosphere生物圈
疟疾
s氟利昂
malignant恶性
decibel分贝
measles麻疹
deforestation采伐森林
medication添加药物,药物治疗
desertification土地沙漠化
metabolism新陈代谢
domestic sewage生活污水
mother- to-fetus transmission母婴传播
ecoc ide生态灭绝
eco- friendy良好的环境
multiply繁殖
eco- -label生态标志
mutate变异.突变
ecological condition生态环境
呕吐
logist生态学家
neurological神经病学的
eco
生态学.对环境的科学研究
feature新闻特写
ecosystem生态系,生态系统
free- lance writer自由撰稿人
eco- tourist生态旅游;生态旅游业
headline新闻标题
highlights and sidelights要闻与花絮
uent流出物,排除物
environmentalist环境工作者;环境问题专家
illustration插图
infringement侵犯
auna动物群
journal刊物
flora植物群
leaflet传单
fumes有毒的废气
live现场直播
global warming全球变暖
neon霓虹灯广告
green groups绿色环保组织
on location现场拍摄
greenhouse effect温室效应
pictorial画报
infrared radiat ion红外线辐射
poster标语牌,布告
mammal哺乳动物
practitioner开业者,从业者
noXIous有毒的
press新闻界
nucleic acid(生物)核酸
projector放映机
ozone hole臭氧洞
propagate宣传
ozone layer臭氧层
publication出版
photosynthesis光合作用
publishing house出版社
plankton(总称)浮游动物
relay转播
pOllufion index污染指数
royalty稿费,版税
polymer聚合物
shot拍摄
refuse垃圾、废物
studio摄影棚
sewage污水
subscribe订阅人
sewage disposal污水处理
westem西部电影
sewage plant污水处理厂
Un7天文地理类
sewage purification污水净化
aeronautics航空学,航空术
soil pollution土壤污染
外星人
solid waste固体垃圾
logy占星学
stratosphere同温层
astronomer天文学家
ultra iolet radiation紫外线辐射
atmospheric大气的,空气的
wipe out a species物种灭绝
aviation航空,航空学,航空工业
Un6大众传媒类
celestial天的,天体的
audience rating收视率;收听率
celestial sphere天球
bill海报
cluster星团
billboard告示牌,广告牌
cold front冷锋
braille盲字,点字法
et彗星
brochure小册子
constellat ion星座
bullet in公告:简明新闻
cosmic radiation宇宙辐射
cary刊登
cosmic rays宇宙射线
cast演员表
字宙学
hjp审查
drifting plates漂流版块
circular供传阅的函件或通知
dune沙丘
closed- circuit tv闭路电视
elipse(日,月)食
column专栏
equator(地球)赤道
condensation缩写本
coverage新闻报道
hurricane飓风
disseminate传播
inflation ary universe theory宇宙膨胀理论
documentary新闻片
Inter- planetary munication星际交通
poser作曲者,作曲家
concerto协奏曲
Jupiter木星
指挥
latitude纬度
conservatory音乐学校
launch发射
fute长笛
launch pad发射台
folk music民间音乐
longitude经度

unar月球的
harmonica口鬈
lunar eclipse月蚀
hap竖琴
Mars火星
horn号
Mercury水星
impressionism印象派
meteor流星
Instrument(精密)乐器
te陨石
lyric歌词
meteor shower流星雨
melody旋律,曲调
季风
al音乐喜剧
mult stage rocket多级火箭
musical notation乐谱
Neptune海王星
orc hestra管弦乐队
orbt环绕(天体的)轨道运行
overture前奏曲
peninsula半岛
pipe organ管风琴
hase月相
aywright剧作家
anet行星
prelude序曲
planetary行星的
premiere首演
producer演出者
plateau高原
properties舞台道具
Puto冥王星
rap musc快板音乐,快板歌
radiat ing辐射的
recital独奏会.独唱会
ef暗礁
refrain(歌曲中的)叠歌,副歌
satellite星
rehearsa排演
solar corona日冕
Renaissance文艺复兴
solar prominence日珥
reproduction复制
solar radiat ion宇宙辐射
saxophone萨克斯管
solar system太阳系
scale音阶
space exploration外层空间探索
score总谱;(总谱中的)乐曲
space shuttle航天飞机
sculpture雕刻,雕塑
space suit宇航服,航天服
sonata奏鸣曲
stellar星球的
symphony交响乐,交响曲
Tropic of Cancer/ Capricorn北/南回归线
synthesizer合成器,音响合成器
tempo节奏
Uranus天王星
theatricals戏剧
Venus金星
trumpet喇叭
火山的
whistle口哨
Watchdog管理人员
wnd管乐器
Un8艺术类
Uit9宗教类
abstract painting抽象画
Aah真主,安拉
art decor艺术装饰
altar圣坛,祭坛
baton指挥棒
南非的种族隔离
break dance霹雳舞
apostle信徒
0eb大提琴
atheist无神论者
chant吟唱
Catholic天主教徒
chord合唱,合唱曲
Catholicism天主教
Christianity基督教
Hi-tech Olympics科技奥运
convert改变信仰;皈依
host主办
cut疯狂地崇拜,膜拜
host country东道国
deity(=god神
in good form竞技状态好
fast斋戒;禁食
invitat ional tournament邀请赛
gospel福音
IOC( International O lymp ic Committee)国际奥委会
heresy异端邪说
chy阶层,等级
Jump the gun抢跑
Incarnate化身
marathon马拉松赛跑
Judaism犹太教
natatorium游泳馆
oran可兰经
OCOG(Organiz ing Comm ittee for the Olymp ic Games)9
牧师
运会组委会
mIssionary传教士
on your marks各就各位
pagan异教徒的,无宗教信仰的
opening ceremony开幕式
pIous虔诚的
penalty kick点球
pope教皇,罗马主教
physical culture and sports体育运动
preach布道,说教
传道士,牧师
play ing pool水球场
Protestant新教徒
racket网球拍
resurrect tion(耶稣)复活
ral连续对打
scripture经文,圣典
rebound篮板球
service礼拜式
referee' s crease裁判区
superstition迷信
runner-甲p业军
taboo禁忌
seeded team种子队
Unt10体育运动类
shot发球
all- round champion全能冠军
smash扣球
bac khand(网球等运动中)反手的
spectator观众
backstroke仰泳
sports circle体育界
balk line起跳线
sportsmanship体育道德
baton接力棒
State Sports General Administration国家体育总局
bd申办
bodybuild ing健美运动
substitute替补
bowler投球手
synchronized swimming花样游泳
breaststroke蛙泳
the People s olympic人文奥运
butterfly蝶泳
track and field田径
cheering- section啦啦队
water polo水球
chief referee裁判长
Unt11食品类
closing ceremony闭幕式
添加剂
CoC( Chinese Olympic Committee中国奥委会
amino add氨基酸
appetizer开胃食品
court(篮球、网球等的)场
barbecue烧烤
cross-country race I野赛
bed curies牛肉咖喱
draw平局
beef steak牛排;鱼排
dunk扣篮
beverage饮料
finals决赛
broccoli西兰花
floor exercise自由体操
buffet(meal)自助餐
ou犯规
butr黄油
freestyle自由泳
carbohydrate糖类
Green Olympics绿色奥运
cauliflower菜花
gym( nasium)体育馆,健身房
convenience food方便食品
diet日常饮食
social change社会变革
fortified wine加了酒精的葡萄酒
social interrelationship社会关系
French fries法式炸薯条
social status社会地位
fructose果糖
glucose葡萄糖
green foodstuff绿色食品
ground beef绞牛肉;牛肉酱
health food保健食品
ketchup调味番茄酱
can meat瘦肉
lettuce生菜
malnourished营养不良
aose麦牙糖
nutrition营养(成分)
oatmeal燕麦片
onion洋葱
pasta意大利通心粉
pasta dinner意大利面食
pastry面点心
pepsI百事可乐
protein蛋白质
recipe食谱;配方
seaweed海藻
soft drink不含酒精的饮料
spice调味品
sprite雪碧
starch淀粉
vegetable curry and rice蔬菜咖喱烩饭
vegetarian素食主义者
vitamin维生素
yeast酵母
yogurt酸奶
Unt12其他社会生活类
acmodations膳宿
baby boom生育高峰
census人口普查
charitable仁慈的,为慈善事业的
civilized文明的,有礼的
mit suicide自杀
munity社会
divorce离婚
drug abuse滥用毒品
hospitality好客
household家庭的
infrastructure基础设施
metropolitan大城市的
psychological心理学的
questionnaire问卷调查
religious宗教的