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中华人民共和国在美国的情报活动

2019-04-26 00:20:57     所属分类:网络战

长期以来一直被[谁?]指控通过各种渠道来获取美国政府的军事技术、*以及民间企业的商业机密[1][2]。政府一直被[谁?]指责用多种手段来获取美国的技术(并利用美国法律条文以逃脱诉讼),其中包括间谍活动、商业实体的进驻、科研的交流以及学术和业务上的联系。[3]尽管这些方法被证实为政府以建立间谍情报网络来有利于自身的手段,但长时间以来美国政府却难以起诉当事团体和个人。其中著名的间谍事件有:金无怠,陈文英,闵国保,麦大志和彼得·李。[4][5]

除了传统方式的间谍活动,也通过两国民间企业之间的合作以获取技术和经济数据[6],并派遣网络黑客渗透进美国企业或政府部门的内部网络,其中一个出名的例子是极光行动。[7]美国司法部官员已经确认政府及听命其的骇客是参与非法获取美国科技的最积极的政治实体。[8]2014年5月19日,美国司法部宣布,一个联邦大陪审团已经对5名解放军军官提起诉讼,原因是他们通过在美国商业公司的计算机上植入恶意软件窃取商业机密信息和知识产权。[1][2]

由于在美国的间谍案频发,美国官方和民间对于美籍华人的担忧和歧视日益增加,加上李文和事件的影响,对亚裔美国人和华人移民的警惕和敌视愈加严重。[9][10]一个美国的华裔精英组织百人会的成员乔治·库博士在2015年撰文警告说,在美国的人仍然是种族歧视的受害者。[11][12]

参考资料

  1. ^ 1.0 1.1 Finkle, J., Menn, J., Viswanatha, J. U.S. accuses China of cyber spying on American companies. Reuters, Mon 19 May 2014 6:04pm EDT.
  2. ^ 2.0 2.1 Clayton, M. US indicts five in China's secret 'Unit 61398' for cyber-spying. 互联网档案馆的存档,存档日期2014-05-20. Christian Science Monitor, 19 May 2014
  3. ^ deGraffenreid, p. 30.
  4. ^ Global Security. "Ministry of State Security Operations." (accessed March 11, 2010).
  5. ^ Wortzel, p. 6.
  6. ^ Wortzel, p. 9.
  7. ^ Helft, Miguel and John Markoff, "In Rebuke of China, Focus Falls on Cybersecuirty," The New York Times, January 13, 2010.
  8. ^ Wortzel, p. 8.
  9. ^ Racial Bias in the Wen Ho Lee Case? | PBS NewsHour. Pbs.org. 1999-12-14 [2014-08-25]. 
  10. ^ The Case Of Wen Ho Lee Charged With Being Ethnic Chinese. Sinomania.com. 2000-08-18 [2014-08-25]. 
  11. ^ Perlroth, Nicole. Accused of Spying for China, Until She Wasn’t. nytimes.com. 2015-05-09 [2015-05-17]. 
  12. ^ Koo, George. Chinese Americans continue to be victimized by racial profiling: Opinion. atimes.com. 2015-05-18 [2015-05-19]. 

参考文献

  • deGraffenreid, Kenneth (ed.), The Unanimous and Bipartisan Report of the House Select Committee on U.S. National Security and Military Commercial Concerns with the People's Republic of China ("The Cox Report"). Select Committee, U.S. House of Representatives (Washington, DC: Regnery, 1999)
  • Eftimiades, Nicholas, Chinese Intelligence Operations (Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, 1994)
  • Wortzel, Larry M., Hearing on "Enforcement of Federal Espionage Laws." Testimony before the Subcommittee on Crime, Terrorism, and Homeland Security of the House Committee on the Judiciary, U.S. House of Representatives, January 29, 2008

外部链接

  • United States and Canadian computer security researchers monitor a Chinese cyber-spying operation
  • Chinese coordinated assault on the email accounts of journalists, academics, and human rights activists
  • Google decides to lift censorship in China
  • More journalists have their email accounts hacked
  • Google reaction to Chinese cyber attack
  • More examples of how China steals U.S. Military Secrets[永久失效链接]
  • Britain warns businesses of the Chinese spying threat
  • Vast Chinese espionage campaign
  • Chinese spy buys Pentagon secrets

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